3 years ago

Unravelling incommensurate magnetism and its emergence in iron-based superconductors.

Morten H. Christensen, Brian M. Andersen, Panagiotis Kotetes

We focus on a broad class of tetragonal itinerant systems sharing a tendency towards the spontaneous formation of incommensurate magnetism with ordering wavevectors $\mathbf{Q}_{1,2}=(\pi-\delta,0)/(0,\pi-\delta)$ or $\mathbf{Q}_{1,2}=(\pi,\delta)/(-\delta,\pi)$. Employing a Landau approach, we obtain the generic magnetic phase diagram and identify the leading instabilities near the paramagnetic-magnetic transition. Nine distinct magnetic phases exist that either preserve or violate the assumed $C_4$-symmetry of the paramagnetic phase. These are single- and double-$\mathbf{Q}$ phases consisting of magnetic stripes, helices and whirls, either in an individual or coexisting manner. These nine phases can be experimentally distinguished by polarized neutron scattering, or, for example, by combining measurements of the induced charge order and magnetoelectric coupling. Within two representative five-orbital models, suitable for BaFe$_2$As$_2$ and LaFeAsO, we find that the incommensurate magnetic phases discussed here are accessible in iron-based superconductors. Our investigation unveils a set of potential candidates for the unidentified $C_2$-symmetric magnetic phase that was recently observed in Ba$_{1-x}$Na$_x$Fe$_{2}$As$_{2}$. Among the phases stabilized we find a spin-whirl crystal, which is a textured magnetic $C_4$-symmetric phase. The possible experimental observation of textured magnetic orders in iron-based superconductor, opens new directions for realizing intrinsic topological superconductors.

Publisher URL: http://arxiv.org/abs/1612.07633

DOI: arXiv:1612.07633v3

You might also like
Discover & Discuss Important Research

Keeping up-to-date with research can feel impossible, with papers being published faster than you'll ever be able to read them. That's where Researcher comes in: we're simplifying discovery and making important discussions happen. With over 19,000 sources, including peer-reviewed journals, preprints, blogs, universities, podcasts and Live events across 10 research areas, you'll never miss what's important to you. It's like social media, but better. Oh, and we should mention - it's free.

  • Download from Google Play
  • Download from App Store
  • Download from AppInChina

Researcher displays publicly available abstracts and doesn’t host any full article content. If the content is open access, we will direct clicks from the abstracts to the publisher website and display the PDF copy on our platform. Clicks to view the full text will be directed to the publisher website, where only users with subscriptions or access through their institution are able to view the full article.