3 years ago

Controlling the Regioselectivity of Baeyer–Villiger Monooxygenases by Mutation of Active-Site Residues

Controlling the Regioselectivity of Baeyer–Villiger Monooxygenases by Mutation of Active-Site Residues
Uwe T. Bornscheuer, Kathleen Balke, Marcus Bäumgen
Baeyer–Villiger monooxygenase (BVMO)-mediated regiodivergent conversions of asymmetric ketones can lead to the formation of “normal” or “abnormal” lactones. In a previous study, we were able to change the regioselectivity of a BVMO by mutation of the active-site residues to smaller amino acids, which thus created more space. In this study, we demonstrate that this method can also be used for other BVMO/substrate combinations. We investigated the regioselectivity of 2-oxo-Δ3-4,5,5-trimethylcyclopentenylacetyl-CoA monooxygenase from Pseudomonas putida (OTEMO) for cis-bicyclo[3.2.0]hept-2-en-6-one (1) and trans-dihydrocarvone (2), and we were able to switch the regioselectivity of this enzyme for one of the substrate enantiomers. The OTEMO wild-type enzyme converted (−)-1 into an equal (50:50) mixture of the normal and abnormal products. The F255A/F443V variant produced 90 % of the normal product, whereas the W501V variant formed up to 98 % of the abnormal product. OTEMO F255A exclusively produced the normal lactone from (+)-2, whereas the wild-type enzyme was selective for the production of the abnormal product. The positions of these amino acids were equivalent to those mutated in the cyclohexanone monooxygenases from Arthrobacter sp. and Acinetobacter sp. (CHMOArthro and CHMOAcineto) to switch their regioselectivity towards (+)-2, which suggests that there are hot spots in the active site of BVMOs that can be targeted with the aim to change the regioselectivity. Finding the hot spot: The regioselectivity of the Baeyer–Villiger monooxygenase (BVMO) 2-oxo-Δ3-4,5,5-trimethylcyclopentenylacetyl-CoA monooxygenase for (−)-cis-bicyclo[3.2.0]hept-2-en-6-one is controlled by mutation of the active-site residues to smaller amino acids, so that both regioisomeric products are accessible. This study indicates that there are hot spots in the active site of BVMOs that are important for controlling the regioselectivity.

Publisher URL: http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/resolve/doi

DOI: 10.1002/cbic.201700223

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