Dual-aptamer-based voltammetric biosensor for the Mycobacterium tuberculosis antigen MPT64 by using a gold electrode modified with a peroxidase loaded composite consisting of gold nanoparticles and a Zr(IV)/terephthalate metal-organic framework
An ultrasensitive aptasensor is described for the voltammetric determination of the Mycobacterium tuberculosis antigen MPT64 in human serum. Firstly, an amino-modified Zr(IV) based metal-organic framework (MOF; type UiO-66-NH2; made up from Zr6O32 units and 2-amino-terephthalate linkers) with a high specific surface was synthesized and used as the carrier of the gold nanoparticles and the aptamers. Then the signalling nanoprobe was fabricated after the horseradish peroxidase was cast on the nanomaterials. The two aptamers with synergistic effect on binding MPT64 were anchored on the gold electrode. Differential pulse voltammetry indicated that the peak current is highest if the ratio of the two aptamers is 1:1. The assay has a wide linear response range (0.02 to 1000 pg·mL−1 of MPT64) and a 10 fg·mL−1 detection limit at a working potential of around −96 mV (vs Ag/AgCl). The results show this biosensor to be a viable tool for detection of tuberculosis at an early stage.
Publisher URL: https://link.springer.com/article/10.1007/s00604-018-3081-2