Image-based sexual abuse: The extent, nature, and predictors of perpetration in a community sample of Australian adults
Publication date: Available online 12 November 2018
Source: Computers in Human Behavior
Author(s): Anastasia Powell, Nicola Henry, Asher Flynn, Adrian J. Scott
Image-based sexual abuse (IBSA) involves three key behaviors: the non-consensual taking or creation of nude or sexual images; the non-consensual sharing or distribution of nude or sexual images; and threats made to distribute nude or sexual images. IBSA is becoming increasingly criminalized internationally, representing an important and rapidly developing cybercrime issue. This paper presents findings of the first national online survey of self-reported lifetime IBSA perpetration in Australia (n = 4,053), with a focus on the extent, nature, and predictors of perpetration. Overall, 11.1% (n = 411) of participants self-reported having engaged in some form of IBSA perpetration during their lifetime, with men significantly more likely to report IBSA perpetration than women. With regard to the nature of perpetration, participants reported targeting both men and women victim at similar rates, and were more likely to report perpetrating against known victims rather than strangers, including intimate partners or ex-partners, family members, and also friends. Logistic regression analyses identified eight participant characteristics that were significantly related to the lifetime prevalence of self-reported IBSA perpetration: three demographic characteristics (gender, sexuality, and disability), one attitudinal characteristic (one measure of sexual image-based abuse myth acceptance), and four experiential characteristics (sexual self-image behaviors and three measures of IBSA victimization).