Effect of Thickness Ratio in Piezoelectric/Elastic Cantilever Structure on the Piezoelectric Energy Harvesting Performance
The energy harvesting by utilizing the piezoelectric effect for the conversion of oscillatory mechanical energy to useful electrical energy has been promising for self-powered devices. The output power can be controlled by designing the size and shape of the constituents of the harvester. This study demonstrates the effect of Ti plate (elastic layer) thickness on the resonant frequency, neutral axis position, vibration amplitude and energy harvesting performance of the cantilever structured piezoelectric energy harvester (PEH). Here, the each harvester had the same dimensions of piezoelectric layer and the same proof mass position at the end of the cantilever while it had the different elastic layer thicknesses (70–300 μm). The analysis revealed that the output power showed the opposite trend in vibration amplitude with varying the elastic layer thickness. Among all of the PEHs, the configuration with the largest elastic layer thickness (300 μm) exhibited a maximum output power of 48 μW at 76 Hz under 0.2 g acceleration, despite of the smallest vibration amplitude and the highest resonant frequency. The outcomes suggest that the thickness ratio of the piezoelectric and elastic layers should be optimized to realize the best harvesting performance.
Publisher URL: https://link.springer.com/article/10.1007/s13391-018-00103-w