3 years ago

[ASAP] UV Photolysis of Pyrazine and the Production of Hydrogen Isocyanide

[ASAP] UV Photolysis of Pyrazine and the Production of Hydrogen Isocyanide
Michael J. Wilhelm, George A. Petersson, Jonathan M. Smith, Drew Behrendt, Jianqiang Ma, Laura Letendre, Hai-Lung Dai
Photolysis of the diazine heterocycle, pyrazine, following irradiation at 308, 248, and 193 nm was examined using nanosecond time-resolved Fourier transform infrared emission spectroscopy. The resulting time-resolved IR emission spectra reveal that for 308 and 248 nm vibrationally highly excited pyrazine is produced, but no photolysis products were detected. However, at 193 nm excitation, the measured IR emission spectra consist solely of resonances originating from rovibrationally excited photofragments, including acetylene (HCCH), hydrogen cyanide (HCN), and hydrogen isocyanide (HNC), indicating that photofragmentation proceeds from vibrationally highly excited pyrazine on the ground electronic state. Spectral fit analysis of the time-resolved HCN and HNC IR emission band shapes and intensities allowed an estimate of the nascent product population distributions, from which a lower bound estimate of the HNC/HCN branching ratio was deduced as Φ ≥ 0.07. Additionally, ab initio calculations were performed in order to examine the propensity of photoinduced reactions on the ground- and lowest-energy excited-state surfaces. The calculations provide a basis for understanding the wavelength dependence of the UV photolysis of pyrazine, the photolytic production of HNC, and also explain previous experimental observations in the literature.

Publisher URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1021/acs.jpca.8b09179

DOI: 10.1021/acs.jpca.8b09179

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