3 years ago

Microstructure and Mechanical Properties of Friction Stir Welded Q235 Low-Carbon Steel

L. Zhou, R. X. Zhang, H. F. Yang, Y. X. Huang, X. G. Song

Abstract

Three-millimeter-thick Q235 steel plates were friction stir welded using a tool made of tungsten-rhenium alloy in the present study. The microstructure and mechanical properties of welded joints at various traverse speeds from 50 to 150 mm/min were analyzed. It was demonstrated that traverse speed had great impacts on microstructure and mechanical properties of the joints. Phase transformation accompanied with recrystallization occurred during FSW process which resulted in different microstructures in the WNZ, and the grain size in other zones was significantly affected by traverse speed. The highest hardness was located in the nugget zone, while the lowest hardness was found in the heat-affected zone. The transverse tensile test suggested that all the joints showed slightly lower tensile strength than that of the base material, and the tensile strength increased with increasing traverse speed. All the joints fractured in the heat-affected zone with ductile fracture mode. The impact test showed that the impact toughness decreased with the increasing traverse speed and the impact fracture surface could be divided into shear lip zone and fibrous zone which showed a typical ductile fracture.

Publisher URL: https://link.springer.com/article/10.1007/s11665-018-3747-2

DOI: 10.1007/s11665-018-3747-2

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