Does chiral perturbation theory rule out QCD-based solutions to the strong CP problem?.
The conventional view is that a solution of the strong CP problem lies beyond QCD. A strong argument supporting this view is that the chiral expansion shows that observables depend on theta (unless a quark mass is zero); this eliminates the possibility that theta is physically irrelevant and appears to necessitate an explanation beyond the standard model. However, scenarios that solve the strong CP problem exist that are consistent with known chiral behavior; in these, QCD becomes nonviable as a theory for nonzero theta. Such scenarios appear to be compatible with lattice studies of the topological susceptibility.
Publisher URL: http://arxiv.org/abs/1811.04833