3 years ago

Reduced quantum anomaly in a quasi-2D Fermi superfluid: The significance of the confinement-induced effective range of interactions.

Hui Hu, Brendan C. Mulkerin, Umberto Toniolo, Lianyi He, Xia-ji Liu

A two-dimensional (2D) harmonically trapped interacting Fermi gas is anticipated to exhibit a quantum anomaly and possesses a breathing mode at frequencies different from a classical scale invariant value $\omega_{B}=2\omega_{\perp}$, where $\omega_{\perp}$ is the trapping frequency. The predicted maximum quantum anomaly ($\sim10\%$) has not been confirmed in experiments. Here, we theoretically investigate the zero-temperature density equation of state and the breathing mode frequency of an interacting Fermi superfluid at the dimensional crossover from three to two dimensions. We find that the simple model of a 2D Fermi gas with a single $s$-wave scattering length is not adequate to describe the experiments in the 2D limit, as commonly believed. A more complete description of quasi-2D leads to a much weaker quantum anomaly, consistent with the experimental observations. We clarify that the reduced quantum anomaly is due to the significant confinement-induced effective range of interactions, which is overlooked in previous theoretical and experimental studies.

Publisher URL: http://arxiv.org/abs/1806.04383

DOI: arXiv:1806.04383v2

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