3 years ago

Relative Error RKHS Embeddings for Gaussian Kernels.

Jeff M. Phillips, Wai Ming Tai

We show how to obliviously embed into the reproducing kernel Hilbert space associated with Gaussian kernels, so that distance in this space (the kernel distance) only has $(1+\varepsilon)$-relative error. This only holds in comparing any point sets at a kernel distance at least $\alpha$; this parameter only shows up as a poly-logarithmic factor of the dimension of an intermediate embedding, but not in the final embedding. The main insight is to effectively modify the well-traveled random Fourier features to be slightly biased and have higher variance, but so they can be defined as a convolution over the function space. This result provides the first guaranteed algorithmic results for LSH of kernel distance on point sets and low-dimensional shapes and distributions, and for relative error bounds on the kernel two-sample test.

Publisher URL: http://arxiv.org/abs/1811.04136

DOI: arXiv:1811.04136v1

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