3 years ago

Discovering heterogeneous subpopulations for fine-grained analysis of opioid use and opioid use disorders.

Jen J. Gong, Abigail Z. Jacobs, Toby E. Stuart, Mathijs De Vaan

The opioid epidemic in the United States claims over 40,000 lives per year, and it is estimated that well over two million Americans have an opioid use disorder. Over-prescription and misuse of prescription opioids play an important role in the epidemic. Individuals who are prescribed opioids, and who are diagnosed with opioid use disorder, have diverse underlying health states. Policy interventions targeting prescription opioid use, opioid use disorder, and overdose often fail to account for this variation. To identify latent health states, or phenotypes, pertinent to opioid use and opioid use disorders, we use probabilistic topic modeling with medical diagnosis histories from a statewide population of individuals who were prescribed opioids. We demonstrate that our learned phenotypes are predictive of future opioid use-related outcomes. In addition, we show how the learned phenotypes can provide important context for variability in opioid prescriptions. Understanding the heterogeneity in individual health states and in prescription opioid use can help identify policy interventions to address this public health crisis.

Publisher URL: http://arxiv.org/abs/1811.04344

DOI: arXiv:1811.04344v1

You might also like
Discover & Discuss Important Research

Keeping up-to-date with research can feel impossible, with papers being published faster than you'll ever be able to read them. That's where Researcher comes in: we're simplifying discovery and making important discussions happen. With over 19,000 sources, including peer-reviewed journals, preprints, blogs, universities, podcasts and Live events across 10 research areas, you'll never miss what's important to you. It's like social media, but better. Oh, and we should mention - it's free.

  • Download from Google Play
  • Download from App Store
  • Download from AppInChina

Researcher displays publicly available abstracts and doesn’t host any full article content. If the content is open access, we will direct clicks from the abstracts to the publisher website and display the PDF copy on our platform. Clicks to view the full text will be directed to the publisher website, where only users with subscriptions or access through their institution are able to view the full article.