3 years ago

Docosahexaenoic acid induces changes in microglia/macrophage polarization after spinal cord injury in rats

Olga Manzhulo, Anna Tyrtyshnaia, Yulia Kipryushina, Inessa Dyuizen, Igor Manzhulo

Publication date: Available online 28 August 2018

Source: Acta Histochemica

Author(s): Olga Manzhulo, Anna Tyrtyshnaia, Yulia Kipryushina, Inessa Dyuizen, Igor Manzhulo


Docosahexaenoic acid (DHA, 22:6 (n-3)) leads to recovery of locomotor functions observed of spinal cord injury (SCI) in rats. In present study, we characterized the expression of iba-1, CD86, CD163 in microglia/macrophages, to assess activation state and M1 (pro-inflammatory)/M2 (anti-inflammatory) phenotypes respectively, in the rostral, central and caudal segment of the spinal cord on 7 and 35 days after SCI. We found that DHA treatment leads to: (1) an increased activation and proliferation of microglial cells; (2) an alteration in the dynamics between M1 and M2 microglia/macrophages phenotypes (3) and increased production of an antioxidant enzymes. Overall, our data demonstrates that DHA has a complex effect in post-traumatic process within the central nervous system, and supports the therapeutic potential of DHA-based drugs.

Graphical abstract

Graphical abstract for this article

You might also like
Discover & Discuss Important Research

Keeping up-to-date with research can feel impossible, with papers being published faster than you'll ever be able to read them. That's where Researcher comes in: we're simplifying discovery and making important discussions happen. With over 19,000 sources, including peer-reviewed journals, preprints, blogs, universities, podcasts and Live events across 10 research areas, you'll never miss what's important to you. It's like social media, but better. Oh, and we should mention - it's free.

  • Download from Google Play
  • Download from App Store
  • Download from AppInChina

Researcher displays publicly available abstracts and doesn’t host any full article content. If the content is open access, we will direct clicks from the abstracts to the publisher website and display the PDF copy on our platform. Clicks to view the full text will be directed to the publisher website, where only users with subscriptions or access through their institution are able to view the full article.