Docosahexaenoic acid induces changes in microglia/macrophage polarization after spinal cord injury in rats
Publication date: Available online 28 August 2018
Source: Acta Histochemica
Author(s): Olga Manzhulo, Anna Tyrtyshnaia, Yulia Kipryushina, Inessa Dyuizen, Igor Manzhulo
Docosahexaenoic acid (DHA, 22:6 (n-3)) leads to recovery of locomotor functions observed of spinal cord injury (SCI) in rats. In present study, we characterized the expression of iba-1, CD86, CD163 in microglia/macrophages, to assess activation state and M1 (pro-inflammatory)/M2 (anti-inflammatory) phenotypes respectively, in the rostral, central and caudal segment of the spinal cord on 7 and 35 days after SCI. We found that DHA treatment leads to: (1) an increased activation and proliferation of microglial cells; (2) an alteration in the dynamics between M1 and M2 microglia/macrophages phenotypes (3) and increased production of an antioxidant enzymes. Overall, our data demonstrates that DHA has a complex effect in post-traumatic process within the central nervous system, and supports the therapeutic potential of DHA-based drugs.