Fate and Transport Modelling of Emerging Pollutants from Watersheds to Oceans: A Review
Publication date: Available online 7 November 2018
Source: Advances in Marine Biology
Author(s): Arpana Rani Datta, Qiao Kang, Bing Chen, Xudong Ye
This chapter provides a review of the fate and transport modelling of emerging pollutants (EPs) and discusses the major research challenges. The overwhelming limitation of the past modelling studies has been the lack of data necessary for model validation, thus calling for large-scale field data sampling. The identification and understanding of fate and transport processes and their interactions of the target EPs and the corresponding selection of appropriate parameter values were also challenging. Such limitations and challenges were evidenced by the elaboration of the representative models in the field. The review also reveales that the model parameter values varied significantly with the EPs (and chemical compositions) and media of concerns. Sensitivity analysis was found to be necessary for modelling of those EPs with limited references in the literature. In comparison with traditional water pollutants, the concentrations of many EPs in water bodies are usually low and even at a trace level, leading to uncertainties or inaccuracy in measured data. This could further challenge model calibration and validation, and especially the determination of parameter values when lacking sufficient data support. How to improve the existing models to address such an issue special for EPs is an urgent task for researchers to ensure the accuracy and reliability of modelling results.