3 years ago

Using Reflexive Thinking to Establish Rigor in Qualitative Research

Horst Rettke, Manuela Pretto, Elisabeth Spichiger, Irena Anna Frei, Rebecca Spirig
Background Reflexivity can be helpful in developing the methodological rigor necessary to attaining trustworthy qualitative study results. Objectives The aim of this study was to evaluate strategies of critical reflexive thinking during a qualitative enquiry rooted in a mixed-methods study. Methods Guided by the questions of Rolfe and colleagues from 2001 (“what,” “so what,” and “now what”), we applied reflexive thinking to all aspects of the investigation. Results Critical reflexive thinking strongly supported our efforts to establish methodological rigor and helped reveal shortcomings. Discussion Effective strategical use of reflexive thinking takes concerted effort. Both time and space are essential to applying reflexive thinking throughout the qualitative research process.
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