3 years ago

Steppe bison hunting in the Gravettian of Buda (lower Bistriţa Valley, eastern Romania)

Valentin Dumitraşcu, Ştefan Vasile

Publication date: April–May 2018

Source: L'Anthropologie, Volume 122, Issue 2

Author(s): Valentin Dumitraşcu, Ştefan Vasile

Abstract

The rich accumulation of bovid remains found at Buda (Bacău County, eastern Romania) is unique among the Upper Palaeolithic sites in the region. The morphological analysis of postcranial remains, which dominate the assemblage by far, shows they belong to Bison priscus, the steppe bison. The body parts representation is biased towards distal limbs, which also display typical butchery cut marks (resulted from disarticulation or skinning) and bone breakage, suggesting the presence of secondary butchery site where limbs were disarticulated and broken for marrow extraction. The assemblage is dominated by adults, mostly females, and includes few sub-adult individuals and no young juveniles. The large number of bison individuals indicates the found remains are the result of a mass killing event representing at least one hunting episode. Considering the age and sex structure of the population, we estimate that the event can be placed during autumn.

Résumé

L’accumulation riche de restes de bovidés trouvée à Buda (Comté de Bacău, Roumanie orientale) est unique parmi les sites du Paléolithique supérieur de la région. L’analyse morphologique des restes postcrâniens, qui domine, de loin, l’assemblage, montre qu’ils appartiennent à Bison priscus, le bison des steppes. La représentation des parties du corps est basée sur les membres distales, qui affichent aussi des marques de coupe typiques de l’abattage (résultent de pour la désarticulation ou de le dépouillage) et du cassage de l’os, suggérant qu’on est en présence d’un site d’abattage secondaire où les membres ont étés désarticulés et cassés pour l’extraction de la moelle. L’assemblage est dominé par des individus adultes, la plupart femelles, et comprend quelques individus d’âge sous-adulte, et pas du tout de juvéniles. Le grand nombre d’individus indique que les restes trouvés ont résulté d’un événement de tuerie en masse représentant au moins un épisode de chasse. Compte tenu de l’âge et de la distribution sexuelle de la population, nous estimons que l’événement peut être situé pendant l’automne.

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