5 years ago

An “on-matrix” digestion procedure for AP-MS experiments dissects the interplay between complex-conserved and serotype-specific reactivities in Dengue virus-human plasma interactome

An “on-matrix” digestion procedure for AP-MS experiments dissects the interplay between complex-conserved and serotype-specific reactivities in Dengue virus-human plasma interactome
The interactions between the four Dengue virus (DENV) serotypes and plasma proteins are crucial in the initial steps of viral infection to humans. Affinity purification combined with quantitative mass spectrometry analysis, has become one of the most powerful tools for the investigation on novel protein-protein interactions. Using this approach, we report here that a significant number of bait-interacting proteins do not dissociate under standard elution conditions, i.e. acid pH and chaotropic agents, and that this problem can be circumvented by using the “on-matrix” digestion procedure described here. This procedure enabled the identification of 16 human plasma proteins interacting with domain III from the envelope protein of DENV serotypes 1, 3 and 4 that would have not been detected otherwise and increased the known DIIIE interactors in human plasma to 59 proteins. Selected Reaction Monitoring analysis evidenced DENV interactome in human plasma is rather conserved although significant differences on the reactivity of viral serotypes with specific proteins do exist. A comparison between the serotype-dependent profile of reactivity and the conservation pattern of amino acid residues suggests an evolutionary selection of highly conserved interactions with the host and other interactions mediated for surface regions of higher variability. Significance False negative results on the identification of interacting proteins in pull-down experiments compromise the subsequent interpretation of results and the formulation of a working hypothesis for the derived future work. In this study we demonstrate the presence of bait-interacting proteins reluctant to dissociate under elution conditions of acid pH and presence of chaotropics. We propose the direct proteolytic digestion of proteins while still bound to the affinity matrix (“in-matrix” digestion) and evaluate the impact of this methodology in the comparative study of the interactome of the four serotypes of Dengue virus mediated by the domain III of the viral envelope glycoprotein. Fifty nine proteins were identified as putative interaction partners of Dengue virus (IPs) either due to direct binding or by co-isolation with interacting proteins. Collectively the IPs identified from the pull-down with the recombinant domain III proteins representing the four viral serotypes, 29% were identified only after “in-matrix” digestion which demonstrate the usefulness of this method of recovering bait-bound proteins. Results highlight a particular importance of “in-matrix” digestion procedure for comparative studies where a stronger interaction with one of the interest baits could prevent a bound protein to elute under standard conditions thus leading to misinterpretation as absent in the interactome of this particular bait. The analysis of the Interaction Network indicates that Dengue virus interactome mediated by the domain III of the envelope protein is rather conserved in the viral complex suggesting a key role of these interactions for viral infection thus making candidates to explore for potential biomarkers of clinical outcome in DENV-caused disease. Interestingly, some particular IPs exhibit significant differences in the strength of the interaction with the viral serotypes representing interactions that involve more variable regions in the surface of the domain III. Since such variable regions are the consequence of the interaction with antibodies generated by human immune response; this result relates the interaction with proteins from human plasma with the interplay of the virus and the human immune system.

Publisher URL: www.sciencedirect.com/science

DOI: S1874391917302385

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