3 years ago

Update on leg fractures in paediatric patients

Jean-damien Metaizeau, Delphy Denis

Publication date: Available online 27 March 2018

Source: Orthopaedics & Traumatology: Surgery & Research

Author(s): Jean-Damien Metaizeau, Delphy Denis

Abstract

Leg fractures are common and further increasing in prevalence in paediatric patients. The diagnosis is readily made in most cases. Choosing the best treatment is the main issue. Non-operative treatment is the reference standard for non-displaced or reducible and stable fractures but requires considerable expertise and close monitoring, as well as an immobilisation period that far exceeds 3 months in many cases. Some surgical teams therefore offer elastic stable intra-medullary nailing (ESIN) as an alternative to children who do not want to be immobilised for several months. Internal fixation is required for unstable or irreducible leg fractures. ESIN is often used as the first-line method, based on its very good risk/benefit ratio. For fractures that do not lend themselves to ESIN, optimal stabilisation can be achieved by choosing among the other available options (screw-plate fixation, rigid intra-medullary nailing or external fixation) on a case-by-case basis. Close monitoring during the first few days is crucial to ensure the early detection of compartment syndrome. The other complications and sequelae are non-specific.

You might also like
Discover & Discuss Important Research

Keeping up-to-date with research can feel impossible, with papers being published faster than you'll ever be able to read them. That's where Researcher comes in: we're simplifying discovery and making important discussions happen. With over 19,000 sources, including peer-reviewed journals, preprints, blogs, universities, podcasts and Live events across 10 research areas, you'll never miss what's important to you. It's like social media, but better. Oh, and we should mention - it's free.

  • Download from Google Play
  • Download from App Store
  • Download from AppInChina

Researcher displays publicly available abstracts and doesn’t host any full article content. If the content is open access, we will direct clicks from the abstracts to the publisher website and display the PDF copy on our platform. Clicks to view the full text will be directed to the publisher website, where only users with subscriptions or access through their institution are able to view the full article.