3 years ago

Visualization of the penetration modifying mechanism of laurocapram by Mass Spectrometry Imaging in buccal drug delivery

Anne Mette Handler, Eva Marxen, Jette Jacobsen, Christian Janfelt

Publication date: Available online 12 November 2018

Source: European Journal of Pharmaceutical Sciences

Author(s): Anne Mette Handler, Eva Marxen, Jette Jacobsen, Christian Janfelt

Abstract

The aim of the study was to visualize the penetration modifying effect of laurocapram on the delivery of diazepam and codeine across buccal mucosa by MALDI Mass Spectrometry Imaging (MALDI-MSI). A qualitative ex vivo study was carried out by mounting porcine buccal mucosa in Ussing chamber sliders and applying a pre-treatment of phosphate buffered saline (PBS) or a 50% (v/v) laurocapram:ethanol solution apically before incubation for 1 or 3 h with a 0.1 M diazepam or 0.1 M codeine solution. MALDI-MSI analysis was performed on vertical cryo-sections of porcine buccal mucosa. The analysis provided detailed images of the localisation of the drugs, laurocapram and endogenous lipids in the epithelium and connective tissue. While diazepam in the absence of laurocapram was distributed with a steady concentration gradient through the connective tissue, indicating passive diffusion, pre-treatment with laurocapram fundamentally altered the penetration of diazepam through the buccal mucosa. In the presence of laurocapram, the distribution of diazepam was restricted to areas where laurocapram itself was present, in particular in the outer epithelial cell layers and in certain islands in the connective tissue. In contrast, the penetration of codeine was unaffected by the presence of laurocapram in similar experiments.

The co-localization of laurocapram and diazepam indicates a reservoir effect, which has previously been found in diffusion experiments in Ussing chambers. The major difference in the penetration of codeine and diazepam through the buccal mucosa in presence of laurocapram was explained by the physicochemical properties of the drugs. Codeine is characterized by being more hydrophilic than diazepam and was partly charged under the given experimental conditions.

Graphical abstract

Unlabelled Image

You might also like
Discover & Discuss Important Research

Keeping up-to-date with research can feel impossible, with papers being published faster than you'll ever be able to read them. That's where Researcher comes in: we're simplifying discovery and making important discussions happen. With over 19,000 sources, including peer-reviewed journals, preprints, blogs, universities, podcasts and Live events across 10 research areas, you'll never miss what's important to you. It's like social media, but better. Oh, and we should mention - it's free.

  • Download from Google Play
  • Download from App Store
  • Download from AppInChina

Researcher displays publicly available abstracts and doesn’t host any full article content. If the content is open access, we will direct clicks from the abstracts to the publisher website and display the PDF copy on our platform. Clicks to view the full text will be directed to the publisher website, where only users with subscriptions or access through their institution are able to view the full article.