Homological classification of topological terms in sigma models on homogeneous spaces.
We classify the topological terms (in a sense to be made precise) that may appear in a non-linear sigma model based on maps from an arbitrary worldvolume manifold to a homogeneous space $G/H$ (where $G$ is an arbitrary Lie group and $H \subset G$). We derive a new condition for $G$-invariance of topological terms, which is necessary and sufficient (at least when $G$ is connected), and discuss a variety of examples in quantum mechanics and quantum field theory. In the present work we discuss only terms that may be written in terms of (possibly only locally-defined) differential forms on $G/H$, leading to an action that is manifestly local. Such terms come in one of two types, with prototypical quantum-mechanical examples given by the Aharonov-Bohm effect and the Dirac monopole. The classification is based on the observation that, for topological terms, the maps from the worldvolume to $G/H$ may be replaced by singular homology cycles on $G/H$. In a forthcoming paper we apply the results to phenomenological models in which the Higgs boson is composite.
Publisher URL: http://arxiv.org/abs/1803.07585