5 years ago

Proteomic profiling of Pachyonychia congenita plantar callus

Proteomic profiling of Pachyonychia congenita plantar callus
Callus samples from the ball and the arch of the foot, collected on tape circles, were compared by shotgun proteomic profiling. Pachyonychia congenita subjects were sampled who exhibited a mutation in KRT6A, KRT6B, KRT6C, KRT16 or KRT17, and the proteins were digested and analyzed by tandem mass spectrometry. In comparison with samples from unaffected control subjects, those from subjects with KRT6A or KRT16 mutations displayed the most differences in profile from normal, while those from subjects with KRT6C or KRT17 mutations showed few differences from normal. The profiles from subjects with KRT6B mutations were intermediate in protein profile differences. Degree of departure from the normal profile could be estimated by expression of numerous proteins in callus from the ball of the foot that were consistently different. By contrast, the protein profile from the arch of the foot was hardly affected. The results provide a foundation for noninvasive monitoring of the efficacy of treatments with quantitative assessment of departure from the normal phenotype. Significance Pachyonychia congenita is an orphan disease in which the connection between the basic defect (keratin mutation) and debilitating symptoms (severe plantar pain) is poorly understood. Present work addresses the degree to which the protein profile is altered in the epidermis where the severe pain originates. The results indicate that the mutated keratins differ greatly in the degree to which they elicit perturbations in protein profile. In those cases with markedly altered protein levels, monitoring the callus profile may provide an objective measure of treatment efficacy.

Publisher URL: www.sciencedirect.com/science

DOI: S1874391917302269

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