3 years ago

ICSI diagnostic: a way to prevent total fertilization failure after 4 unsuccessful IUI

Arnaud Larbuisson, Dominique Raick, Stephanie Demelenne, Annick Delvigne

Abstract

Background

The aim of this retrospective study is to investigate the relevance of dividing oocytes and using some for traditional in vitro fertilization (IVF) and others for intracytoplasmic sperm injection (ICSI) as of the first IVF cycle in patients with unexplained infertility who have undergone 4 intrauterine insemination (IUI) cycles which produced no pregnancies.

Methods

This retrospective study includes patients with unexplained infertility who have failed to become pregnant, after 4 IUI, despite normal semen parameters after sperm capacitation. These women were treated in our assisted fertilization program from 2008 until 2015. We analysed the first cycles of women in whom more than 4 oocyte cumulus complexes (OCC) were retrieved and single embryo transfer was performed.

Results

Dividing oocytes between two fertilization techniques reduce the rate of total fertilization failure during the first IVF cycle. No statistical difference were observed for 2 pronuclei (PN) rate between the two techniques. On the other hand, we observed a significantly lower rate of 3 PN, 1 PN, 0 PN with ICSI in comparison with conventional fertilization.

Conclusions

Splitting the oocytes between classical IVF and ICSI increases the chance of embryo transfer on a first IVF cycle after 4 unsuccessful IUI cycles. This half-and-half policy reduces the risk, for the infertile couple, of facing total failure of fertilization and also can provide useful information for the next attempts.

Open access
You might also like
Discover & Discuss Important Research

Keeping up-to-date with research can feel impossible, with papers being published faster than you'll ever be able to read them. That's where Researcher comes in: we're simplifying discovery and making important discussions happen. With over 19,000 sources, including peer-reviewed journals, preprints, blogs, universities, podcasts and Live events across 10 research areas, you'll never miss what's important to you. It's like social media, but better. Oh, and we should mention - it's free.

  • Download from Google Play
  • Download from App Store
  • Download from AppInChina

Researcher displays publicly available abstracts and doesn’t host any full article content. If the content is open access, we will direct clicks from the abstracts to the publisher website and display the PDF copy on our platform. Clicks to view the full text will be directed to the publisher website, where only users with subscriptions or access through their institution are able to view the full article.