3 years ago

Continuous quadratus lumborum type II block in partial nephrectomy

Rita Graça, Pilar Miguelez, José Miguel Cardoso, Miguel Sá, Joana Brandão, Célia Pinheiro, Duarte Machado

Publication date: November–December 2018

Source: Brazilian Journal of Anesthesiology (English Edition), Volume 68, Issue 6

Author(s): Rita Graça, Pilar Miguelez, José Miguel Cardoso, Miguel Sá, Joana Brandão, Célia Pinheiro, Duarte Machado

Abstract
Background and objectives

Quadratus lumborum block was first described in 2007 and currently there are descriptions of its achievement through four different injection points. This blockage provides abdominal wall and visceral analgesia, and one of its mechanisms is the dispersion of the local anesthetic into the paravertebral space. We describe the performance of a continuous quadratus lumborum type II block for postoperative analgesia in a partial nephrectomy.

Case report

A 64-year-old woman, scheduled for partial left laparoscopic nephrectomy. During the procedure, due to technical difficulties, an incision was made in the left flank to facilitate the surgical approach. In the early postoperative period, a continuous quadratus lumborum type II block was performed using ultrasonography as part of the multimodal analgesic strategy. Initially, 20 ml of 0.2% ropivacaine was administered and 3 cm of catheter were introduced into the interfascial space. Subsequently, a continuous infusion of 5.2 mL.h−1 of 0.2% ropivacaine was given for 48 hours. In the first 24 postoperative hours, the patient reported no pain at rest or on movement. In the following 24 h, she was free of pain at rest and only a slight pain (2/10) on movement.

Conclusions

Continuous quadratus lumborum type II block was an effective postoperative analgesic option. Blocking of somatic nerves and visceral afferent pathways provided abdominal and visceral wall analgesia, allowing the reduction of opioid consumption. We consider relevant to explore the analgesic capacity of the quadratus lumborum block and its different approaches, as well as the possibility of it becoming an alternative in patients scheduled for kidney surgery.

Resumo
Justificativa e objetivos

O bloqueio do quadrado lombar foi descrito pela primeira vez em 2007 e atualmente existem descrições da sua realização através de quatro pontos de injeção. Esse bloqueio promove analgesia da parede abdominal e analgesia visceral e um de seus mecanismos é a dispersão do anestésico local para o espaço paravertebral. Descrevemos a realização do bloqueio do quadrado lombar tipo II contínuo para analgesia pós-operatória numa nefrectomia parcial.

Relato de caso

Mulher de 64 anos, agendada para nefrectomia parcial à esquerda por via laparoscópica. Durante o procedimento, por dificuldades técnicas, foi feita uma incisão no flanco esquerdo para facilitar a abordagem cirúrgica. No pós-operatório imediato, fez-se o bloqueio do quadrado lombar tipo II contínuo, recorrendo-se a ultrassonografia, como parte da estratégia analgésica multimodal. Inicialmente foram administrados 20 ml de ropivacaína 0,2% e introduzidos 3 cm de cateter no espaço interfascial. Posteriormente, colocou-se uma perfusão contínua de 5,2 mL.h-1 de ropivacaína 0,2% durante 48 horas. Nas primeiras 24 horas de pós-operatório, a paciente não referiu dor em repouso ou com movimento. Nas 24 horas seguintes, manteve-se sem dor em repouso e apenas com dor ligeira (2/10) com o movimento.

Conclusões

A realização do bloqueio quadrado lombar tipo II contínuo foi uma opção analgésica pós-operatória eficaz. O bloqueio de nervos somáticos e das vias aferentes viscerais promoveu analgesia da parede abdominal e visceral, permitiu reduzir o consumo de opioides. Consideramos relevante explorar a capacidade analgésica do bloqueio do quadrado lombar e suas diferentes abordagens, bem como a possibilidade de se tornar uma opção em doentes propostos para cirurgia renal.

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