3 years ago

Inhalational anesthesia maintenance with the Janus facial mask for transcatheter aortic-valve replacement: a case series

Caetano Nigro Neto, Emerson Domingos Da Costa, Francisco José Lucena Bezerra, Mariana Suete Guimarães Ruy, Jose Leonardo Izquierdo Saurith, João Henrique Zucco Viesi

Publication date: September–October 2018

Source: Brazilian Journal of Anesthesiology (English Edition), Volume 68, Issue 5

Author(s): Caetano Nigro Neto, Emerson Domingos da Costa, Francisco José Lucena Bezerra, Mariana Suete Guimarães Ruy, Jose Leonardo Izquierdo Saurith, João Henrique Zucco Viesi

Abstract
Background and objectives

Aortic stenosis is the most common type of heart valve disease. Percutaneous aortic valve replacement has become the alternative for patients considered at high risk for surgery. Controlled mechanical ventilation with tracheal intubation has been the choice for this type of procedure, however the use of noninvasive ventilation in cardiac patients has shown to be beneficial. Janus is a novel full-face mask that allows application of noninvasive ventilation support during anesthesia. Our main objective was to evaluate the feasibility of transcatheter aortic valve replacement with prolonged transesophageal echocardiographic monitoring under deep inhalational sedation delivered through a new mask for noninvasive ventilation.

Methods

A case series observational study that included five patients with critical aortic stenosis that underwent inhalational anesthesia with sevoflurane for transcatheter aortic valve replacement in a hybrid room of a teaching hospital. Standard monitors and bispectral index were used, followed by inhalational induction and placement of the Janus mask. Anesthesia was maintained with sevoflurane. Patients were transferred to intensive care unit after the procedure. Complications related to the mask use, transesofageal echocardiography accessibility and respiratory implications to the patients were recorded.

Results

All procedures were uneventful and no major complications were observed intraoperatively. One patient presented CO2 retention (50 mmHg) and sevoflurane leak around the central opening of the mask, both without clinical significance.

Conclusions

The use of inhalational anesthesia with the facial mask Janus is a safe and efficient alternative to general anesthesia with tracheal intubation for transcatheter aortic valve replacement and can easily accommodate the use of transesophageal echocardiography intraoperatively.

Resumo
Justificativa e objetivos

A estenose aórtica é o tipo mais comum de doença valvular cardíaca. A substituição percutânea de válvula aórtica tornou-se a alternativa para pacientes cirúrgicos considerados de alto risco. A ventilação mecânica controlada com intubação traqueal tem sido a escolha para este tipo de procedimento; porém, o uso de ventilação não invasiva em pacientes cardíacos mostrou ser benéfico. Janus é uma nova máscara facial que permite a aplicação de suporte à VNI durante a anestesia. Nosso objetivo primário foi avaliar a viabilidade da substituição transcateter de valva aórtica com monitoração ecocardiográfica transesofágica prolongada sob sedação inalatória profunda através de uma nova máscara para ventilação não invasiva.

Métodos

Estudo observacional de série de casos que incluiu cinco pacientes com estenose aórtica em fase crítica, submetidos à anestesia inalatória com sevoflurano para substituição transcateter de valva aórtica em uma sala híbrida de um hospital universitário. Monitores padrão e índice bispectral foram utilizados, seguidos de indução inalatória e colocação da máscara Janus. A anestesia foi mantida com sevoflurano. Os pacientes foram transferidos para a unidade de terapia intensiva após o procedimento. As complicações relacionadas ao uso da máscara, a acessibilidade da ecocardiografia transesofágica e as implicações respiratórias para os pacientes foram registradas.

Resultados

Todos os procedimentos transcorreram sem incidentes e não foram observadas complicações maiores no intraoperatório. Um paciente apresentou retenção de CO2 (50 mmHg) e vazamento de sevoflurano em torno da abertura central da máscara, ambos sem significância clínica.

Conclusões

O uso de anestesia inalatória com a máscara facial Janus é uma alternativa segura e eficiente à anestesia geral com intubação traqueal para substituição transcateter de valva aórtica e pode facilmente acomodar o uso de ecocardiografia transesofágica no intraoperatório.

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