3 years ago

Physical therapists’ perceptions and experiences about barriers and facilitators of therapeutic patient-centred relationships during outpatient rehabilitation: a qualitative study

Jaume Morera-balaguer, José Martín Botella-rico, Mari Carmen Martínez-gonzález, Francesc Medina-mirapeix, Óscar Rodríguez-nogueira

Publication date: Available online 18 April 2018

Source: Brazilian Journal of Physical Therapy

Author(s): Jaume Morera-Balaguer, José Martín Botella-Rico, Mari Carmen Martínez-González, Francesc Medina-Mirapeix, Óscar Rodríguez-Nogueira

Abstract
Background

Over recent years there has been a paradigm shift towards a patient-centred biopsychosocial care model in physical therapy. This new paradigm features a growing interest in understanding the contextual factors that influence the patient's experience of disease, pain and recovery. This includes generalized consensus regarding the importance of establishing a therapeutic relationship that is centred on the patient.

Objective

To explore physical therapists’ perceptions and experiences regarding barriers and facilitators of therapeutic patient-centred relationships in outpatient rehabilitation settings.

Methods

This is a qualitative study with four focus groups including twenty-one physical therapists. Two researchers conducted the focus groups, using a topic guide with predetermined questions. The focus group discussions were audiotaped and videotaped, transcribed verbatim and analysed thematically using a modified grounded theory approach.

Results

Physical therapists perceived that the therapeutic patient-centred relationship not only depends on the personal qualities of the professional, but also on the patient's attitudes and the characteristics of the context, including the organization and team coordination.

Conclusions

Although being more linked towards the patients’ contextual factors and needs than towards the practice of the profession, a therapeutic relationship is worth considering by physical therapists. Furthermore this study highlights the need for physical therapists and administrators to rethink the situation and propose strategies for improvement.

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