3 years ago

Ovarian necrosis due to S. pyogenes septic thrombophlebitis: A case report

Alicia Guntiñas, Janette L. Kirk, M. Teresa Blanco, Javier Pérez-pedregosa, Miguel A. Rodríguez

Publication date: October 2018

Source: Case Reports in Women's Health, Volume 20

Author(s): Alicia Guntiñas, Janette L. Kirk, M. Teresa Blanco, Javier Pérez-Pedregosa, Miguel A. Rodríguez

Abstract

The incidence of systemic infection attributed to group A streptococci (GAS) is increasing, mainly in postpartum women. Such infections require multidisciplinary management and prompt treatment, but an atypical presentation can delay diagnosis.

We report the case of a 24-year-old woman admitted to the emergency department for evaluation. She had acute abdominal pain and fever 18 h after insertion of a levonorgestrel intrauterine device (IUD).

She had a normal vaginal delivery 45 days earlier, and no other significant medical background. In a few hours the symptoms worsened, with rapid progression towards multiorgan failure. Differential diagnoses of late ovarian thrombophlebitis and ovarian torsion were considered. Laparoscopic surgery revealed the absence of ovarian torsion. The microbiologic culture of the IUD showed colonization by GAS.

The sudden onset of shock-like symptoms in a postpartum woman with rapid progression towards multiorgan failure should prompt consideration of a diagnosis of GAS infection, so that appropriate treatment can be initiated to avoid the possible fatal consequences of this aggressive infection.

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