3 years ago

Applications of High-Resolution Mass Spectrometry in Studies of Brown Carbon

Hong-xing Jiang, Jun Li, Jiao Tang, Yang-zhi Mo, Gan Zhang

Publication date: October 2018

Source: Chinese Journal of Analytical Chemistry, Volume 46, Issue 10

Author(s): Hong-Xing JIANG, Jun LI, Jiao TANG, Yang-Zhi MO, Gan ZHANG


Brown carbon is a hotspot in the field of atmospheric carbonaceous aerosol research. It has significant influence on regional radiative forcing and exerts climatic effects due to its apparent absorbance in the near ultraviolet-visible region. Brown carbon is mainly derived from incomplete combustion of biomass or coal, as well as secondary sources, such as a series of atmospheric photochemical reactions from volatile organic compounds. Although the composition of brown carbon is complex, high-resolution mass spectrometry, with its ultra-high mass resolution and precision, enables elucidation of the characteristics of the organic components of brown carbon at the molecular level. Here, high-resolution mass spectrometry combined with traditional analytical methods was used for the study of brown carbon. The development of high-resolution mass spectrometry for brown carbon separation is reviewed, as well as compositional analysis, source apportionment, and formation mechanism of brown carbon based on high-resolution data. In addition, the issues and prospects for the application of high-resolution mass spectrometry to evaluate brown carbon are discussed.

Graphical abstract

High-resolution mass spectrometry coupled with chromatographic separation technique is a powerful tool for identifying brown carbon on molecular level. As many kinds of specific brown carbon in a variety of biomass combustion sources and environmental samples have been identified by this way, it will be widely used in future studies.

Graphical abstract for this article
You might also like
Discover & Discuss Important Research

Keeping up-to-date with research can feel impossible, with papers being published faster than you'll ever be able to read them. That's where Researcher comes in: we're simplifying discovery and making important discussions happen. With over 19,000 sources, including peer-reviewed journals, preprints, blogs, universities, podcasts and Live events across 10 research areas, you'll never miss what's important to you. It's like social media, but better. Oh, and we should mention - it's free.

  • Download from Google Play
  • Download from App Store
  • Download from AppInChina

Researcher displays publicly available abstracts and doesn’t host any full article content. If the content is open access, we will direct clicks from the abstracts to the publisher website and display the PDF copy on our platform. Clicks to view the full text will be directed to the publisher website, where only users with subscriptions or access through their institution are able to view the full article.