# Dynamical susceptibility near a long-wavelength critical point with a nonconserved order parameter.

We study the dynamic response of a two-dimensional system of itinerant fermions in the vicinity of a uniform ($\mathbf{Q}=0$) Ising nematic quantum critical point of $d-$wave symmetry. The nematic order parameter is not a conserved quantity, and this permits a nonzero value of the fermionic polarization in the $d-$wave channel even for vanishing momentum and finite frequency: $\Pi(\mathbf{q} = 0,\Omega_m) \neq 0$. For weak coupling between the fermions and the nematic order parameter (i.e. the coupling is small compared to the Fermi energy), we perturbatively compute $\Pi (\mathbf{q} = 0,\Omega_m) \neq 0$ over a parametrically broad range of frequencies where the fermionic self-energy $\Sigma (\omega)$ is irrelevant, and use Eliashberg theory to compute $\Pi (\mathbf{q} = 0,\Omega_m)$ in the non-Fermi liquid regime at smaller frequencies, where $\Sigma (\omega) > \omega$. We find that $\Pi(\mathbf{q}=0,\Omega)$ is a constant, plus a frequency dependent correction that goes as $|\Omega|$ at high frequencies, crossing over to $|\Omega|^{1/3}$ at lower frequencies. The $|\Omega|^{1/3}$ scaling holds also in a non-Fermi liquid regime. The non-vanishing of $\Pi (\mathbf{q}=0, \Omega)$ gives rise to additional structure in the imaginary part of the nematic susceptibility $\chi^{''} (\mathbf{q}, \Omega)$ at $\Omega > v_F q$, in marked contrast to the behavior of the susceptibility for a conserved order parameter. This additional structure may be detected in Raman scattering experiments in the $d-$wave geometry.

Publisher URL: http://arxiv.org/abs/1708.05308

DOI: arXiv:1708.05308v1

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