3 years ago

Fauna, environment and human presence during MIS5 in the North of Spain: The new site of Valdavara 3

Manuel Vaquero, Jan Van Der Made, Hugues-alexandre Blain, Nuria Ibáñez, Juan Manuel López-garcía, Florent Rivals, Susana Alonso, Alicia Ameijenda, Maria Bennàsar, Mónica Fernández-garcía, Arturo De Lombera-hermida, Irene Valverde

Publication date: October–December 2018

Source: Comptes Rendus Palevol, Volume 17, Issue 8

Author(s): Manuel Vaquero, Jan van der Made, Hugues-Alexandre Blain, Nuria Ibáñez, Juan Manuel López-García, Florent Rivals, Susana Alonso, Alicia Ameijenda, Maria Bennàsar, Mónica Fernández-García, Arturo de Lombera-Hermida, Irene Valverde

Abstract

Valdavara 3 is a new early late Pleistocene paleontological and archeological cave site in northwestern Iberia. Over 1400 fossils have been collected, representing about 40 species. The fauna is of interglacial aspect and is in accordance with the OSL dates from the fossiliferous layer, which indicate an age of 103–113 ka. The great taxonomical diversity indicates a varied landscape. A small collection of lithic artifacts was found associated with the fossils, demostrating presence of humans and suggesting short non-residential visits to the cave. The fossiliferous site was predominantly formed by natural processes. Many fossil localities have short or biased faunal lists, but the fossil fauna recovered from Valdavara 3 is remarkably diverse and may reflect the fauna which once lived there.

Résumé

Valdavara 3 est un nouveau site paléontologique et archéologique du début du Pléistocène supérieur dans le Nord-Ouest de l’Ibérie. Plus de 1400 fossiles ont été collectés, représentant environ 40 espèces. La faune est d’aspect interglaciaire et correspond aux dates OSL de la couche fossilifère, qui indiquent un âge de 103–113 ka. La grande diversité taxonomique caractérise un paysage varié. Une petite collection d’artéfacts lithiques a été trouvée, associée aux fossiles témoignant de la présence humaine, et suggère de courtes visites non résidentielles à la grotte. Le site fossilifère a été principalement formé par des processus naturels. Nombre de localités fossilifères ont des listes fauniques courtes ou biaisées, mais la faune fossile retrouvée à Valdavara 3 est remarquablement diverse, et peut refléter celle qui y vivait autrefois.

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