3 years ago

Micro-fragmented fat injection reduces sepsis-induced acute inflammatory response in a mouse model

A. Bouglé, P. Rocheteau, M. Hivelin, A. Haroche, D. Briand, C. Tremolada, J. Mantz, F. Chrétien

Publication date: December 2018

Source: British Journal of Anaesthesia, Volume 121, Issue 6

Author(s): A. Bouglé, P. Rocheteau, M. Hivelin, A. Haroche, D. Briand, C. Tremolada, J. Mantz, F. Chrétien

Abstract
Background

Severe sepsis has a high mortality rate. There is increasing evidence that human mesenchymal stem cells possess immunomodulatory properties in sepsis, particularly those from adipose tissue. We hypothesised that micro-fragmented human fat, obtained with minimal alteration of the stromal vascular niche, attenuates the inflammatory response and improves outcome in a murine model of sepsis.

Methods

Micro-fragmented fat, lipoaspirate, or saline was administered intraperitoneally 2 h after caecal ligation and puncture (CLP) in C57Bl/6RJ ketamine–xylazine anaesthetised mice. The primary endpoint was the inflammatory score. Secondary endpoints included survival, physiological, histological, and biological parameters.

Results

In CLP mice, micro-fragmented fat administration significantly decreased the median (range) inflammatory score compared with saline [17 (14–20) vs 9 (8–12), P=0.006]. Secondary endpoints were also significantly improved in micro-fragmented fat-treated compared with saline-treated CLP mice. Improvement in inflammatory score and in survival was suppressed when micro-fragmented fat was co-administered with liposomes loaded with clodronate (macrophage toxin) or NS-398 (cyclo-oxygenase 2 inhibitor), but not with SC-560 (cyclo-oxygenase 1 inhibitor).

Conclusions

In a murine model of severe sepsis, micro-fragmented fat improved early inflammatory status and outcome, at least in part, by a cyclo-oxygenase-2-mediated mechanism. The potential therapeutic value of micro-fragmented fat in severe sepsis warrants further investigation.

You might also like
Discover & Discuss Important Research

Keeping up-to-date with research can feel impossible, with papers being published faster than you'll ever be able to read them. That's where Researcher comes in: we're simplifying discovery and making important discussions happen. With over 19,000 sources, including peer-reviewed journals, preprints, blogs, universities, podcasts and Live events across 10 research areas, you'll never miss what's important to you. It's like social media, but better. Oh, and we should mention - it's free.

  • Download from Google Play
  • Download from App Store
  • Download from AppInChina

Researcher displays publicly available abstracts and doesn’t host any full article content. If the content is open access, we will direct clicks from the abstracts to the publisher website and display the PDF copy on our platform. Clicks to view the full text will be directed to the publisher website, where only users with subscriptions or access through their institution are able to view the full article.