3 years ago

Hydrothermal evolution and ore genesis of the Zhaiping Ag-Pb-Zn deposit in Fujian Province of Southeast China: Evidence from stable isotopes (H, O, C, S) and fluid inclusions

Ying Ma, Shao-yong Jiang, Run-sheng Chen, Xue-xie Li, Lüyun Zhu, Suo-fei Xiong

Publication date: Available online 13 November 2018

Source: Ore Geology Reviews

Author(s): Ying Ma, Shao-Yong Jiang, Run-Sheng Chen, Xue-Xie Li, Lüyun Zhu, Suo-Fei Xiong


The Zhaiping Ag-Pb-Zn deposit (204 t Ag, average grade: 221.8 g/t) is located in the coastal area of the Cathaysia Block, Southeast China. Vein-type Ag-Pb-Zn orebodies are mainly hosted in the early Cretaceous volcanic and subvolcanic rocks, and structurally controlled by a group of NW-trending extensional faults. Ore-related hydrothermal alteration is well developed on both sides of the veins, dominated by silicic, phyllic, propylitic, and carbonate alteration. Mineralization can be divided into three stages: (1) the pre-ore quartz-pyrite stage, (2) syn-ore quartz-Ag-base metal stage, and (3) post-ore quartz-calcite stage. Microthermometric measurements of fluid inclusion assemblages in quartz, fluorite, sphalerite, and calcite from various hydrothermal stages reveal that from the pre-ore, syn-ore to post-ore stages, the homogenization temperatures range from 365 to 319 °C, from 317 to 222 °C, and from 233 to 172 °C, respectively. Fluid salinities range from 1.7 to 10.8 wt.% NaCl equivalent. The microthermometric data indicate that the fluid cooling and fluid-rock interaction are two important mechanisms for ore precipitation. The δ34SV-CDT values of sulfide minerals (pyrite, sphalerite, galena, pyrrhotite and tetrahedrite) range from -1.9 to 6.2 ‰, and mostly between 1.0 and 4.5 ‰, consistent with a deep-seated magmatic sulfur source. Hydrogen and oxygen isotopic compositions of quartz indicate a primarily magmatic origin for the ore-forming fluids, and the proportion of meteoric water increased during the ore-forming processes. Post-ore stage calcite has δ13CV-PDB values of -2.8 to -0.8 ‰ and δ18OV-SMOW values of 4.2 to 6.4 ‰, corresponding to calculated values of fluids of -3.2 to -1.1 ‰, and -4.9 to -2.8 ‰, respectively. The carbon isotopes indicate a magmatic source for carbon but the oxygen isotopes indicate a significant contribution of meteoric water during calcite precipitation. We therefore proposed that the Zhaiping deposit is a typical mesothermal deposit that formed in an extensional environment related to the early Cretaceous subduction of the paleo-Pacific plate.

Graphical abstract

Graphical abstract for this article

You might also like
Discover & Discuss Important Research

Keeping up-to-date with research can feel impossible, with papers being published faster than you'll ever be able to read them. That's where Researcher comes in: we're simplifying discovery and making important discussions happen. With over 19,000 sources, including peer-reviewed journals, preprints, blogs, universities, podcasts and Live events across 10 research areas, you'll never miss what's important to you. It's like social media, but better. Oh, and we should mention - it's free.

  • Download from Google Play
  • Download from App Store
  • Download from AppInChina

Researcher displays publicly available abstracts and doesn’t host any full article content. If the content is open access, we will direct clicks from the abstracts to the publisher website and display the PDF copy on our platform. Clicks to view the full text will be directed to the publisher website, where only users with subscriptions or access through their institution are able to view the full article.