3 years ago

Undersampled Windowed Exponentials and Their Applications

Chun-Kit Lai, Sui Tang

Abstract

We characterize the completeness and frame/basis property of a union of under-sampled windowed exponentials of the form $ {\mathcal{F}}(g): =\bigl\{ e^{2\pi i n x}: n\ge 0\bigr\} \cup \bigl\{ g(x)e^{2\pi i nx}: n< 0\bigr\} $ for \(L^{2}[-1/2,1/2]\) by the spectra of the Toeplitz operators with the symbol \(g\) . Using this characterization, we classify all real-valued functions \(g\) such that \({\mathcal{F}}(g)\) is complete or forms a frame/basis. Conversely, we use the classical non-harmonic Fourier series theory to determine all \(\xi \) such that the Toeplitz operators with the symbol \(e^{2\pi i \xi x}\) is injective or invertible. These results demonstrate an elegant interaction between frame theory of windowed exponentials and Toeplitz operators. Finally, we use our results to answer some open questions in dynamical sampling, and derivative samplings on Paley-Wiener spaces of bandlimited functions.

Publisher URL: https://link.springer.com/article/10.1007/s10440-018-0224-8

DOI: 10.1007/s10440-018-0224-8

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