3 years ago

Usefulness of pulsed-wave tissue Doppler imaging at the mitral annulus for prediction of new-onset atrial fibrillation in dogs

J. Neves, B. Pedro, R. Christley, J. Dukes-mcewan

Publication date: December 2018

Source: Journal of Veterinary Cardiology, Volume 20, Issue 6

Author(s): J. Neves, B. Pedro, R. Christley, J. Dukes-McEwan

Abstract
Introduction

The time from the onset of the P wave on electrocardiogram to the peak of late diastolic wave signal (PA-TDI interval) recorded by left atrial pulsed-wave tissue Doppler imaging (PW-TDI) is a surrogate of the total atrial conduction time, and it can predict the development of new-onset atrial fibrillation (AF) in people. This study investigated whether PA-TDI interval measured with PW-TDI at the level of lateral aspect of the mitral valve annulus could identify dogs which developed AF within 6 months after echocardiography.

Animals

Forty-two dogs with different cardiac diseases were included; 21 dogs developed AF within 6 months after echocardiography (AF group) and 21 dogs did not (non-AF group). Each AF case was matched with a non-AF case for body weight and left atrium:aortic root ratio.

Methods

This was a retrospective study. Review of signalment, underlying disease and echocardiography data were included. PA-TDI interval was measured offline from acquired PW-TDI images. PA-TDI interval and standard echocardiographic variables were compared between groups. Receiver operator characteristic curves were used to identify the best AF predictor. Univariate and multivariate regression were used to evaluate predictors of PA-TDI interval.

Results

The AF group had significantly greater 2D left atrial maximal diameter, left-ventricular (LV) end-diastolic volume, M-Mode LV internal diameter and LV end-systolic volume index. PA-TDI was significantly longer in the AF group, and it was superior to other echocardiographic variables in predicting AF development within 6 months (AUC = 0.896).

Conclusions

PA-TDI interval measured with PW-TDI at the lateral mitral valve annulus may identify dogs at risk of developing AF.

You might also like
Discover & Discuss Important Research

Keeping up-to-date with research can feel impossible, with papers being published faster than you'll ever be able to read them. That's where Researcher comes in: we're simplifying discovery and making important discussions happen. With over 19,000 sources, including peer-reviewed journals, preprints, blogs, universities, podcasts and Live events across 10 research areas, you'll never miss what's important to you. It's like social media, but better. Oh, and we should mention - it's free.

  • Download from Google Play
  • Download from App Store
  • Download from AppInChina

Researcher displays publicly available abstracts and doesn’t host any full article content. If the content is open access, we will direct clicks from the abstracts to the publisher website and display the PDF copy on our platform. Clicks to view the full text will be directed to the publisher website, where only users with subscriptions or access through their institution are able to view the full article.