3 years ago

Ultra-rapid near universal TB drug regimen identified via parabolic response surface platform cures mice of both conventional and high susceptibility

Bai-Yu Lee, Daniel L. Clemens, Aleidy Silva, Barbara Jane Dillon, Saša Masleša-Galić, Susana Nava, Chih-Ming Ho, Marcus A. Horwitz
As current treatment of tuberculosis is burdensomely long, provoking non-adherence and drug resistance, effective short-course treatments are needed. Using the output-driven parabolic response surface (PRS) platform, we have identified drug regimens that treat tuberculosis more rapidly in mice than the current Standard Regimen used in humans. We show that PRS Regimen III, comprising clofazimine, SQ109, bedaquiline and pyrazinamide, rapidly sterilizes the lung both in conventionally studied BALB/c mice and in C3HeB/FeJ mice, highly susceptible mice that develop massive necrotic granulomatous lung lesions akin to those in humans, achieving relapse-free cure in only 4 weeks (p<0.0001 versus Standard Regimen). In contrast, the Standard Regimen required 16 weeks to attain lung culture negative status and 20 weeks to achieve relapse-free cure. Thus, PRS Regimen III dramatically cuts by ~80% the time to relapse-free cure in mouse tuberculosis models. PRS Regimen III, with three nonstandard drugs, can potentially treat both drug-sensitive and most drug-resistant tuberculosis.

Publisher URL: https://journals.plos.org/plosone/article

DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0207469

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