3 years ago

Porphyromonas gingivalis induces the production of IL‐31 by human mast cells, resulting in dysfunction of the gingival epithelial barrier

Hiroyuki Tada, Takashi Nishioka, Aya Takase, Kento Numazaki, Kanan Bando, Kenji Matsushita, Haruhiko Takada

Abstract

Interleukin (IL)‐31 is important for innate immunity in mucosal tissues and skin, and increased IL‐31 expression participates in the pathogenesis of chronic inflammatory diseases affecting the skin, airways, lungs, and intestines. We investigated the contribution of mast cells to the induction of IL‐31 production following infection with the periodontal pathogen, Porphyromonas gingivalis. We found that oral infection with P. gingivalis increased IL‐31 expression in the gingival tissues of wild‐type mice, but not in those of mast cell‐deficient mice. The P. gingivalis‐induced IL‐31 production by human mast cells occurred through the activation of the JNK‐ and NF‐κB signaling pathways, and was dependent on the P. gingivalis lysine‐specific protease gingipain‐K (Kgp). P. gingivalis infection induced IL‐31 receptor α and oncostatin M receptor β expression in human gingival epithelial cells. Notably, the P. gingivalis‐induced IL‐31 production by mast cells led to the downregulation of claudin‐1, a tight junction molecule, in gingival epithelial cells, resulting in an IL‐31‐dependent increase in the paracellular permeability of the gingival epithelial barrier. These findings suggest that IL‐31 produced by mast cells in response to P. gingivalis infection causes gingival epithelial barrier dysfunction, which may contribute to the chronic inflammation observed in periodontitis.

You might also like
Discover & Discuss Important Research

Keeping up-to-date with research can feel impossible, with papers being published faster than you'll ever be able to read them. That's where Researcher comes in: we're simplifying discovery and making important discussions happen. With over 19,000 sources, including peer-reviewed journals, preprints, blogs, universities, podcasts and Live events across 10 research areas, you'll never miss what's important to you. It's like social media, but better. Oh, and we should mention - it's free.

  • Download from Google Play
  • Download from App Store
  • Download from AppInChina

Researcher displays publicly available abstracts and doesn’t host any full article content. If the content is open access, we will direct clicks from the abstracts to the publisher website and display the PDF copy on our platform. Clicks to view the full text will be directed to the publisher website, where only users with subscriptions or access through their institution are able to view the full article.