3 years ago

Unfolding Tagged Particle Histories in Single-File Diffusion: Exact Single- and Two-Tag Local Times Beyond Large Deviation Theory.

Alessio Lapolla, Aljaz Godec

Strong positional correlations between particles render the diffusion of a tracer particle in a single file anomalous and non-Markovian. While ensemble average observables of tracer particles are nowadays well understood, little is known about the statistics of the corresponding functionals, i.e. the time-average observables. It even remains unclear how the non-Markovian nature emerges from correlations between particle trajectories at different times. Here, we first present rigorous results for fluctuations and two-tag correlations of general bounded functionals of ergodic Markov processes with a diagonalizable propagator. They relate the statistics of functionals on arbitrary time-scales to the relaxation eigenspectrum. Then we study tagged particle local times -- the time a tracer particle spends at some predefined location along a single trajectory up to a time t. Exact results are derived for one- and two-tag local times, which reveal how the individual particles' histories become correlated at higher densities because each consecutive displacement along a trajectory requires collective rearrangements. Our results unveil the intricate meaning of projection-induced memory on a trajectory level, invisible to ensemble-average observables, and allow for a detailed analysis of single-file experiments probing tagged particle exploration statistics.

Publisher URL: http://arxiv.org/abs/1805.05880

DOI: arXiv:1805.05880v2

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