3 years ago

Screening Cleavage of Factor XIII V34X Activation Peptides by Thrombin Mutants: A Strategy for Controlling Fibrin Architecture

Screening Cleavage of Factor XIII V34X Activation Peptides by Thrombin Mutants: A Strategy for Controlling Fibrin Architecture
In blood coagulation, thrombin converts fibrinogen into fibrin monomers that polymerize into a clot network. Thrombin also activates Factor XIII by cleaving the R37-G38 peptide bond of the Activation Peptide (AP) segment. The resultant transglutaminase introduces covalent crosslinks into the fibrin clot. A strategy to modify clot architecture would be to design FXIII AP sequences that are easier or more difficult to be thrombin-cleaved thus controlling initiation of crosslinking. To aid in this design process, FXIII V34X (28–41) activation peptides were kinetically ranked for cleavage by wild-type thrombin and several anticoagulant mutants. Thrombin-catalyzed hydrolysis of aromatic FXIII F34, W34, and Y34 APs was compared with V34 and L34. Cardioprotective FXIII L34 remained the variant most readily cleaved by wild-type thrombin. The potent anticoagulant thrombins W215A and W215A/E217A (missing a key substrate platform for binding fibrinogen) were best able to hydrolyze FXIII F34 and W34 APs. Thrombin I174A and L99A could effectively accommodate FXIII W34 and Y34 APs yielding kinetic parameters comparable to FXIII AP L34 with wild-type thrombin. None of the aromatic FXIII V34X APs could be hydrolyzed by thrombin Y60aA. FXIII F34 and W34 are promising candidates for FXIII – anticoagulant thrombin systems that could permit FXIII-catalyzed crosslinking in the presence of reduced fibrin formation. By contrast, FXIII Y34 with thrombin (Y60aA or W215A/E217A) could help assure that both fibrin clot formation and protein crosslinking are hindered. Regulating the activation of FXIII is predicted to be a strategy for helping to control fibrin clot architecture and its neighboring environments.

Publisher URL: www.sciencedirect.com/science

DOI: S1570963917301474

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