3 years ago

Análisis de las reulceraciones en una unidad multidisciplinar de pie diabético tras la implementación de un programa de cuidado integrado del pie

Sara Jiménez, José Antonio Rubio, Julia Álvarez, José Luis Lázaro-martínez

Publication date: October 2018

Source: Endocrinología, Diabetes y Nutrición, Volume 65, Issue 8

Author(s): Sara Jiménez, José Antonio Rubio, Julia Álvarez, José Luis Lázaro-Martínez

Antecedentes y objetivo

El objetivo de este estudio fue evaluar qué factores de riesgo se asociaban con la reulceración en el pie diabético después de la implementación de un nuevo programa preventivo de cuidado integrado del pie (CIP), desarrollado por un podólogo y un endocrinólogo en una unidad multidisciplinar de pie diabético y su impacto potencial en reducir la tasa de reulceración.

Material y métodos

Estudio de cohortes y retrospectivo que incluyó de manera consecutiva a pacientes que consultaron por primera vez por una úlcera de pie diabético durante el período 2008-2014, y que se resolvió mediante cicatrización. Los sujetos fueron seguidos hasta la reulceración o en su defecto hasta el 30 de junio de 2016, con un máximo de 8,1 años. Se analizó la incidencia acumulada de reulceraciones durante el período 2008-2010 (antes del CIP) y 2011-2014 (tras la implementación del CIP).


Se incluyeron 280 sujetos, mediana de edad 69,5 años (P25: 60,2-P75:78); 64,6% varones y 92,1% tenían diabetes tipo 2. Ciento veintiséis (45%) se reulceraron. La mediana hasta la reulceración fue de 0,97 (P25:0,44-P75:1,74) años. El análisis multivariante demostró que la neuropatía sensitiva (HR [IC 95%] 1,58 [0,99-2,54] p = 0,050); amputación menor (HR [IC 95%] 1,66 [0,12-2,46] p = 0,011); y período 2011-2014 versus 2008-2010 (HR [IC 95%] 0,60 [0,42-0,87] p = 0,007) se asociaron independientemente a la reulceración.


Los factores predictivos para reulceración fueron neuropatía sensitiva, amputación menor y la implementación del programa de CIP. La implementación del CIP se asoció con una reducción del 40% en la reulceración. La prevención de la reulceración es factible y debiera ser prioritaria en una unidad multidisciplinar de pie diabético.

Background and objective

The aim of this study was to assess the risk factors associated to recurrent diabetic foot ulcers after implementing a new preventive comprehensive foot care (CFC) program carried out by a podiatrist and an endocrinologist at a multidisciplinary diabetic foot unit (MDFU) and its potential impact in decreasing recurrent ulcers.

Material and methods

A retrospective cohort study including consecutive patients who attended the MDFU for the first time from 2008 to 2014 complaining of a diabetic foot ulcer that finally healed. Patients were monitored until ulcer recurred or up to June 30, 2016. Maximum follow-up time was 8.1 years. Cumulative incidence of recurrent ulcers was analyzed during two periods: 2008-2010 (before CFC was implemented) and 2011-2014 (after implementation of CFC).


A total of 280 subjects with a median age of 69.5 years (Q25:60,2-Q75:78) were included. Of these, 64.6% were males and 92.1% had type 2 diabetes mellitus. One hundred and twenty-six (45%) suffered recurrent ulcers. Median time to recurrent ulceration was 0.97 (Q25:0.44-Q75:1.74) years. Multivariate analysis showed sensory neuropathy (HR [95% CI] 1.58 [0.99-2.54], P = .050); minor amputation (HR [95% CI] 1.66 [0.12-2, 46], P = .011); and 2011-2014 period versus 2008-10 period (HR [95% CI] 0.60 [0.42-0.87], P = .007) to be factors independently associated to recurrent ulcers.


Sensory neuropathy, minor amputation, and implementation of the CFC program were predictors of reulceration. Implementation of the CFC program was associated to a 40% reduction in reulceration. Prevention of recurrent ulcers is feasible and should be a priority in a MDFU.

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