Enantioselective degradation of the chiral alpha-cypermethrin and detection of its metabolites in five plants
Alpha-cypermethrin (α-cypermethrin), an important chiral pyrethroid insecticide, is frequently detected in human samples. Because of the possible human health risks caused by α-cypermethrin, we studied dynamics, residues, and metabolism of α-cypermethrin in five common vegetables (tomato, cucumber, rape, cabbage, and pepper) on enantiomeric levels after foliar spray. α-Cypermethrin was qualified by a HP-5 column and its enantiomers could be separated by gas chromatograph (GC) using a BGB-172 chiral column. The results of degradation showed that α-cypermethrin dissipated rapidly in vegetables with half-lives being only 2.85–8.88 days. Stereoselective degradation was observed on pepper and cucumber while the two metabolites (cis-DCCA and 3-PBA) of α-cypermethrin were not detected during its dissipation in all plants. This is the first evidence of enantioselective degradation of α-cypermethrin in the five common vegetables and the results should be considered in future environmental risk and food safety evaluations.
Publisher URL: https://link.springer.com/article/10.1007/s11356-018-3594-6