Incidence and prognostic implications of late bleeding events after percutaneous mitral valve repair
Publication date: December 2018
Source: IJC Heart & Vasculature, Volume 21
Author(s): Tomás Benito-González, Rodrigo Estévez-Loureiro, Armando Pérez de Prado, Carlos Minguito-Carazo, Samuel del Castillo García, Carmen Garrote-Coloma, Ignacio Iglesias-Gárriz, David Alonso-Rodríguez, Javier Gualis Cardona, Carlos Cuellas Ramón, María López Benito, Julia Vidán Estévez, Felipe Fernández-Vázquez
MitraClip is an established therapy for patients with mitral regurgitation (MR) that are considered of high-risk or inoperable. However, late bleeding events (BE) after hospital discharge and their impact on prognosis in this cohort of patients have been poorly investigated. Our purpose is to address the incidence, related factors and clinical implications of BE after hospital discharge in patients treated with MitraClip.
Prospective registry of all consecutive patients (n = 80) who underwent MitraClip implantation in our Institution between June 2014 and December 2017. BE were defined according to MVARC definitions. A combined clinical end-point including admission for heart failure (HF) and all-cause mortality was established to analyze prognostic implications of BE.
During a median follow up of 523.5 days, 41 BE were reported in 21 patients. Atrial fibrillation (AF, HR 4.54, CI95% 1.20–17.10) and combined antithrombotic therapy at discharge (HR 3.52, CI95% 1.03–11.34) were independently associated with BE. In the study period, 15 (18.8%) patients died, 20 (25%) were admitted for HF and 29 (36.3%) presented the combined end-point. After multivariable adjustment BE remained independently associated with an adverse outcome (HR 3.80, CI 95% 1.66–8.72). In the subgroup of patients with AF, HAS-BLED score was higher among subjects with BE (3.1 ± 1.3 vs 2.1 ± 0.9, p = 0.003). HAS-BLED score had a significant discrimination power for the occurrence BE (AUC: 0.677 [0.507–0.848]) in this subgroup.
BE are common after MitraClip and are associated with an impaired outcome. Strategies to reduce bleeding events are paramount in this cohort of patients.