3 years ago

Factores asociados con la ideación suicida del adulto mayor en tres ciudades de Colombia, 2016

Yuri Catherine Ramírez Arango, Hanllely Mallely Flórez Jaramillo, Doris Cardona Arango, Ángela María Segura Cardona, Alejandra Segura Cardona, Diana Isabel Muñoz Rodríguez, Douglas Lizcano Cardona, Santiago Alberto Morales Mesa, Catalina Arango Álzate, Maite Catalina Agudelo Cifuentes

Publication date: Available online 1 November 2018

Source: Revista Colombiana de Psiquiatría

Author(s): Yuri Catherine Ramírez Arango, Hanllely Mallely Flórez Jaramillo, Doris Cardona Arango, Ángela María Segura Cardona, Alejandra Segura Cardona, Diana Isabel Muñoz Rodríguez, Douglas Lizcano Cardona, Santiago Alberto Morales Mesa, Catalina Arango Álzate, Maite Catalina Agudelo Cifuentes

Resumen
Introducción

La ideación suicida se refiere a pensamientos que abarcan desde una vaga idea de suicidarse a un plan específico de suicidio.

Objetivo

Explorar factores demográficos, sociales y familiares, maltrato, riesgo de depresión y hábitos y condiciones de salud que influyen en la ideación suicida del adulto mayor en las ciudades de Medellín, Barranquilla y Pasto, para identificar aquellos en los que se puede intervenir con programas de salud pública enfocados en esta población.

Métodos

Estudio analítico transversal con fuente secundaria; se consideraron variables demográficas, sociales y clínicas, apoyo social, discriminación, maltrato, felicidad, depresión y capacidad funcional, y como variable dependiente, la pregunta: «¿ha pensado en atentar contra su vida?». Se realizaron análisis descriptivo, bivariable y multivariable.

Resultados

La mediana de edad fue ≤ 69 (intervalo intercuartílico, 11) años; el 58,2% eran mujeres; la prevalencia de ideación suicida fue del 6,4%; el 28,7% de estos había hecho planes para terminar con su vida y el 66,7% lo había intentado al menos una vez. Se encontró asociación estadística con el empleo informal, el consumo de cigarrillos, alcohol y sustancias psicoactivas, el riesgo de depresión, tener discapacidad, la insatisfacción con la calidad de vida, la salud y la situación económica, sentirse infeliz, los maltratos y las malas relaciones entre los miembros de la familia, el escaso apoyo social, el maltrato sexual y económico y, por último, la discriminación.

Conclusiones

La ideación suicida de los adultos mayores en 3 ciudades de Colombia se explica por el maltrato sexual y económico que sufre esta población; asimismo las malas relaciones personales entre los miembros de la familia del adulto mayor y el riesgo de depresión aumentan la probabilidad de que se presenten pensamientos contra la propia vida.

Abstract
Introduction

Suicidal ideation refers to thoughts that range from a vague idea of committing suicide to a specific suicide plan.

Objective

To explore factors such as demographic, social, family, abuse, risk of depression, habits and health conditions, which influence suicidal ideation in the elderly people in the cities of Medellín, Barranquilla, and Pasto (Colombia), with the intention to identify those associated factors that can be used in public health programs focused on this population.

Methods

Cross-sectional analytical study was conducted using a secondary source, demographic, social, clinical variables, social support, discrimination, abuse, happiness, depression, functional capacity, and as a dependent variable were asked the question: “Have you ever thought about committing suicide?” A descriptive, bivariate and multivariate analysis was performed.

Results

The median age was ≤ 69 [interquartile range, 11] years, and 58.2% were women. The prevalence of suicidal ideation was 6.4%, and of these, 28.7% had made plans to end their lives, and 66.7% had tried at least once. A statistical association was found with informal employment, cigarette consumption, alcohol and psychoactive substances, risk of depression, having a disability, dissatisfaction with their quality of life, with their health, with their economic situation, as well as feeling unhappy, bad treatment and bad relationships among family members, poor social support, sexual and economic abuse, and finally, discrimination.

Conclusions

Suicidal ideation in older adults in three cities of Colombia is explained by the sexual and economic abuse that this population is suffering, as well as bad personal relationships between the members of the family of the older adult. The risk of depression increases the probability of having thoughts against one's life.

You might also like
Discover & Discuss Important Research

Keeping up-to-date with research can feel impossible, with papers being published faster than you'll ever be able to read them. That's where Researcher comes in: we're simplifying discovery and making important discussions happen. With over 19,000 sources, including peer-reviewed journals, preprints, blogs, universities, podcasts and Live events across 10 research areas, you'll never miss what's important to you. It's like social media, but better. Oh, and we should mention - it's free.

  • Download from Google Play
  • Download from App Store
  • Download from AppInChina

Researcher displays publicly available abstracts and doesn’t host any full article content. If the content is open access, we will direct clicks from the abstracts to the publisher website and display the PDF copy on our platform. Clicks to view the full text will be directed to the publisher website, where only users with subscriptions or access through their institution are able to view the full article.