3 years ago

Riesgo de trastorno de la conducta alimentaria y uso de redes sociales en usuarias de gimnasios de la ciudad de Medellín, Colombia

Jorge Emiro Restrepo, Tatiana Castañeda Quirama

Publication date: Available online 6 October 2018

Source: Revista Colombiana de Psiquiatría

Author(s): Jorge Emiro Restrepo, Tatiana Castañeda Quirama

Resumen
Introducción

No son muchos los estudios sobre la prevalencia y los factores asociados (p. ej., uso de redes sociales) con los trastornos de la conducta alimentaria (TCA) en Colombia. De particular interés son este tipo de estudios en población femenina que asiste regularmente a gimnasios.

Métodos

El objetivo es analizar la relación entre el riesgo de TCA y el uso de redes sociales en 337 mujeres con edades entre los 15 y los 30 años que llevaban más de 4 meses asistiendo regularmente a gimnasios de la ciudad de Medellín, mediante un estudio cuantitativo descriptivo de corte transversal.

Resultados

Se identificaron 143 (47,5%) casos con riesgo de TCA. Se encontraron asociaciones estadísticamente significativas entre el riesgo de TCA y algunos aspectos del uso de redes sociales.

Discusión

Se discute la posible asociación entre el TCA, el uso de redes sociales y ciertas características de personalidad y los estereotipos socioculturales de belleza.

Conclusiones

Los hallazgos señalan una asociación entre el uso de redes sociales como modo de lograr la aprobación de la autoimagen, las actitudes alimentarias anómalas y la satisfacción corporal. Este comportamiento, sumado a otros factores de vulnerabilidad, puede aumentar el riesgo de que se inicie o se mantenga un TCA, particularmente en población que hace uso de gimnasios y centros para al acondicionamiento físico.

Abstract
Introduction

There are not many studies on prevalence and factors (use of social networks, for example) associated with eating disorders (ED) in Colombia. These types of studies in regular female gym-goers are of particular interest.

Methods

The objective was to analyse the relationship between the risk of EDs and the use of social networks in 337 women between the ages of 15 and 30 who had been regularly going to the gym in the city of Medellín for four months or more. The type of study was quantitative, descriptive and cross-sectional.

Results

A total of 143 (47.5%) cases with a risk of EDs were identified. Statistically significant associations were found between the risk of eating disorders and some aspects of the use of social networks.

Discussion

The possible association between ED, the use of social networks and certain personality characteristics and sociocultural beauty stereotypes are discussed.

Conclusions

The findings point to an association between the use of social networks as a way to achieve self-image approval, abnormal eating attitudes and body satisfaction. This behaviour, added to other vulnerability factors, may increase the risk for the initiation or maintenance of an ED, particularly in the population using gyms and physical conditioning centres.

You might also like
Discover & Discuss Important Research

Keeping up-to-date with research can feel impossible, with papers being published faster than you'll ever be able to read them. That's where Researcher comes in: we're simplifying discovery and making important discussions happen. With over 19,000 sources, including peer-reviewed journals, preprints, blogs, universities, podcasts and Live events across 10 research areas, you'll never miss what's important to you. It's like social media, but better. Oh, and we should mention - it's free.

  • Download from Google Play
  • Download from App Store
  • Download from AppInChina

Researcher displays publicly available abstracts and doesn’t host any full article content. If the content is open access, we will direct clicks from the abstracts to the publisher website and display the PDF copy on our platform. Clicks to view the full text will be directed to the publisher website, where only users with subscriptions or access through their institution are able to view the full article.