Opportunities, challenges, and future perspectives of succinic acid production by Actinobacillus succinogenes
Due to environmental issues and the depletion of fossil-based resources, ecofriendly sustainable biomass-based chemical production has been given more attention recently. Succinic acid (SA) is one of the top value added bio-based chemicals. It can be synthesized through microbial fermentation using various waste steam bioresources. Production of chemicals from waste streams has dual function as it alleviates environmental concerns; they could have caused because of their improper disposal and transform them into valuable products. To date, Actinobacillus succinogenes is termed as the best natural SA producer. However, few reviews regarding SA production by A. succinogenes were reported. Herewith, pathways and metabolic engineering strategies, biomass pretreatment and utilization, and process optimization related with SA fermentation by A. succinogenes were discussed in detail. In general, this review covered vital information including merits, achievements, progresses, challenges, and future perspectives in SA production using A. succinogenes. Therefore, it is believed that this review will provide platform to understand the potential of the strain and tackle existing hurdles so as to develop superior strain for industrial applications. It will also be used as a baseline for identification, isolation, and improvement of other SA-producing microbes.
Publisher URL: https://link.springer.com/article/10.1007/s00253-018-9379-5