3 years ago

Ultracold Neutron Storage Simulation Using the Kassiopeia Software Package.

Z Bogorad, P M Murthy, J A Formaggio

The Kassiopeia software package was originally developed to simulate electromagnetic fields and charged particle trajectories for neutrino mass measurement experiments. Recent additions to Kassiopeia also allow it to simulate neutral particle trajectories in magnetic fields based on their magnetic moments. Two different methods were implemented: an exact method that can work for arbitrary fields and an adiabatic method that is limited to slowly-varying fields but is much faster for large precession frequencies. Additional interactions to simulate reflection of ultracold neutrons from material walls and to allow spin-flip pulses were also added. These tools were used to simulate neutron precession in the Paul Scherrer Institute's neutron electric dipole moment experiment and predict the values of the longitudinal and transverse relaxation times as well as the trapping lifetime. All three parameters are found to closely match the experimentally determined values when simulated with both the exact and adiabatic methods, confirming that Kassiopeia is able to accurately simulate neutral particles. This opens the door for future uses of Kassiopeia to prototype the next generation of atomic traps and ultracold neutron experiments.

Publisher URL: http://arxiv.org/abs/1811.05972

DOI: arXiv:1811.05972v1

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