3 years ago

Anthropometric and fitness profile of high-level basketball, handball and volleyball players

J. Peña, D. Moreno-doutres, J. Coma, M. Cook, B. Buscà

Publication date: January–March 2018

Source: Revista Andaluza de Medicina del Deporte, Volume 11, Issue 1

Author(s): J. Peña, D. Moreno-Doutres, J. Coma, M. Cook, B. Buscà

Abstract
Objective

The aim of this study was to compare several anthropometric and physiological variables between high-level basketball, handball and volleyball players.

Method

Forty-six Spanish first division professional players took part in our study. Height, standing reach, body weight, body fat percentages (by using Jackson & Pollock equation), vertical jumps (assessed by Bosco tests), 4 m × 5 m agility test and maximal power output in a bench press exercise were assessed.

Results

A one-way ANOVA, showed that basketball players had significant higher average height and standing reach values (p < 0.01) while volleyball players displayed the lowest body mass and handball players presented the highest body mass values. Body fat percentage was significantly lower (p < 0.05) in basketball and volleyball. Jump levels were significantly better in volleyball for the countermovement (p < 0.05) and the countermovement jump with arm swing (p < 0.001). Results of the agility test were significantly better in basketball (p ≤ 0.01). In the concentric actions of maximal power tests basketball players obtained a higher mean power output for all loads (p < 0.05). In the eccentric phase volleyball players presented the lower outcome (p < 0.001).

Conclusions

There is evidence of anthropometric and physiological differences among the high-level team sports analyzed. Its assessment seems capital for the improvement of training strategies and accurate talent identification processes.

Resumen
Objetivo

El objetivo del presente estudio fue comparar variables antropométricas y fisiológicas entre jugadores de baloncesto, balonmano y voleibol de alto nivel.

Método

Cuarenta y seis deportistas profesionales de primera división de España fueron evaluados. Valores de altura, alcance, masa corporal, porcentaje graso (mediante ecuación de Jackson y Pollock), salto vertical (mediante test de Bosco), test de agilidad de 4 × 5 m y potencia máxima de press banca fueron registrados.

Resultados

El análisis mediante ANOVA mostró que los jugadores de baloncesto presentaban mayores alturas y alcances (p < 0.01). Los jugadores de voleibol mostraban los valores más bajos de masa corporal y los de balonmano los más altos de la muestra. El porcentaje de grasa en baloncesto y voleibol fue el más bajo (p < 0.05). Los valores de salto fueron mejores en voleibol para el salto con contra movimiento (p < 0.05) y salto con contra movimiento y uso de brazos (p < 0.001). Los resultados del test de agilidad fueron mejores en baloncesto (p ≤ 0.01). En las acciones concéntricas del press banca, los baloncestistas obtuvieron mayor potencia media en todas las cargas (p < 0.05). En la fase excéntrica los jugadores de voleibol presentaron los valores menores (p < 0.001).

Conclusiones

Se muestran diferencias antropométricas y fisiológicas entre deportes de equipo. Su evaluación parece clave para la mejora del entrenamiento y para conducir mejores procesos de selección de talentos.

Resumo
Objetivo

O objetivo do presente estudo foi comparar variáveis antropométricas e fisiológicas entre jogadores de basquetebol, andebol e voleibol de alto rendimento.

Método

Quarenta e seis jogadores profissionais da primeira divisão profissional da Espanha fizeram parte desse estudo. Valores de altura, alcance, massa corporal, percentual de gordura (utilizando equação de Jackson & Pollock), salto vertical (medido com o teste de Bosco), teste de agilidade 4 × 5 e potência máxima no exercício supino reto foram registrados.

Resultados

Uma ANOVA one-way mostrou que os jogadores de basquetebol apresentavam uma média significativamente maior na altura e alcance (p < 0.01), enquanto que os jogadores de voleibol apresentaram os valores mais baixos de massa corporal e os jogadores de andebol os valores mais altos da amostra. O percentual de gordura foi significativamente menor (p < 0.05) nos jogadores de basquetebol e voleibol. Os valores de salto foram significativamente melhores no jogadores de voleibol para o salto com contramovimento (p < 0.05) e no salto com contramovimento com utilização do balanço dos braços (p < 0.001). Os resultados do teste de agilidade foram significativamente melhores no basquete (p ≤ 0.01). Nas ações concêntricas dos testes de potência máxima os jogadores de basquetebol obtiveram uma média maior de potência para

-Abstract Truncated-

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