3 years ago

Sensibilidad a los antimicrobianos de aislamientos de Streptococcus equi subsp. equi de la provincia de Buenos Aires, Argentina

Carla P. Bustos, María J. Marfil, Natalia S. Lanza, Nora Guida

Publication date: July–September 2018

Source: Revista Argentina de Microbiología, Volume 50, Issue 3

Author(s): Carla P. Bustos, María J. Marfil, Natalia S. Lanza, Nora Guida

Resumen

Streptococcus equi subsp. equi es el agente etiológico de la adenitis equina, una enfermedad infecciosa que afecta al tracto respiratorio superior y linfonódulos de cabeza y cuello de equinos. La terapia antimicrobiana tradicional incluye como antibiótico de primera elección a la penicilina G (PEN), a la que los estreptococos suelen ser sensibles. El objetivo de este trabajo fue estudiar el perfil de sensibilidad a distintos antimicrobianos de cepas de S. equi que circulan en la provincia de Buenos Aires, Argentina. Se estudiaron 92 aislamientos mediante el método de difusión con discos; los antimicrobianos evaluados fueron PEN, cefotaxima, eritromicina, tetraciclina, enrofloxacina (ENR), trimetroprima-sulfametoxazol (TMS), ciprofloxacina, clindamicina (CLI), estreptomicina (STR) y florfenicol. Se determinó la concentración inhibitoria mínima (CIM) de la PEN y de aquellos antimicrobianos frente a los cuales S. equi mostró resistencia o sensibilidad intermedia. Se obtuvieron altos porcentajes de sensibilidad a todos los antimicrobianos por el método de difusión y valores de CIM por debajo de los puntos de corte para PEN, TMS y CLI. Se identificaron cepas resistentes a ENR y STR, con CIM50, CIM90 y rangos de CIM por encima de los puntos de corte. Los resultados confirman que la PEN podría utilizarse empíricamente, ya que las cepas circulantes en Buenos Aires no mostraron resistencia a este antimicrobiano. Se enfatiza en la relevancia del uso racional de los antibióticos para lograr éxito terapéutico, evitar la cronicidad, la recidiva de infecciones y la aparición de resistencia.

Abstract

Streptococcus equi subsp. equi is the etiologic agent of strangles, an infectious disease affecting the upper respiratory tract and head and neck lymph nodes of equines. Routine antimicrobial therapy includes penicillin (PEN) as antibiotic of first choice. Streptococci are usually susceptible to PEN and only a few antimicrobial studies had been performed. The aim of this work was to study the antimicrobial susceptibility profile of S. equi from Buenos Aires, Argentina. Ninety-two isolates were studied by the single disk method to PEN, cefotaxime, erythromycin (ERY), tetracycline, enrofloxacin (ENR), trimethoprim sulfamethoxazole (TMS), ciprofloxacin, clindamycin (CLI), streptomycin (STR) and florfenicol. Minimum inhibitory concentration (MIC) to PEN and antibiotics with resistance and intermediate susceptibility were tested. High percentages of susceptibility were obtained by the disk diffusion method and MIC values of PEN, TMS and CLI were found to be under the breakpoint values. Resistant strains of ENR and STR with MIC50, MIC90 and MIC ranges above breakpoints were identified. These findings confirm that PEN may be used empirically because resistant strains were not found in Buenos Aires. Emphasis is placed on the rational use of antibiotics to achieve therapeutic success, to prevent chronicity, recurrence of infections and the emergence of resistance.

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