3 years ago

Burnout em anestesiologia

Ana Rafaela Campos Sousa, Joana Irene De Barros Mourão

Publication date: September–October 2018

Source: Brazilian Journal of Anesthesiology, Volume 68, Issue 5

Author(s): Ana Rafaela Campos Sousa, Joana Irene de Barros Mourão

Resumo
Justificativa e objetivos

Burnout é uma condição crônica de esgotamento causada por níveis altos de estresse e a anestesiologia é uma especialidade médica estressante com maior vulnerabilidade ao burnout. O objetivo deste estudo foi revisar as características e o impacto do burnout em anestesiologia.

Conteúdo

Nesta revisão, são abordados os estressores e fatores de risco, manifestações, avaliação, complicações, manejo e prevenção do burnout, bem como as pesquisas inconsistentes encontradas no estado da arte.

Conclusões

Os anestesiologistas estão em um grupo de alto risco para desenvolver burnout, com diferentes manifestações e consequências, como suicídio ou erros médicos. Embora ainda não haja tratamento específico, existem muitas medidas úteis para lidar com essa condição. A prevenção é considerada um passo importante para reduzir a prevalência de burnout.

Abstract
Background and objectives

Burnout is a chronic condition caused by high levels of stress and anesthesiology is a stressful medical specialty with more vulnerability to burnout. The aim of this study is to review the characteristics and impact of burnout in anesthesiology.

Contents

In this review, the stressors and risk factors, manifestations, assessment, complications, management and prevention of burnout as well as the inconsistent research found in the state‐of‐art are approached.

Conclusions

Anesthesiologists are in a high‐risk group to develop burnout, with different manifestations and consequences such as suicide or medical errors. Although there is no specific treatment yet, there are a lot of helpful measures to cope this condition. Prevention is considered an important step in order to reduce the prevalence of burnout.

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