5 years ago

Fosfomycin Biosynthesis via Transient Cytidylylation of 2-Hydroxyethylphosphonate by the Bifunctional Fom1 Enzyme

Fosfomycin Biosynthesis via Transient Cytidylylation of 2-Hydroxyethylphosphonate by the Bifunctional Fom1 Enzyme
Tadashi Eguchi, Makoto Nishiyama, Nobutaka Funa, Jin-Soo Park, Tomohisa Kuzuyama, Fumitaka Kudo, Taro Shiraishi, Seung-Young Kim, Takeo Tomita, Shusuke Sato, Su-Hee Cho
Fosfomycin is a wide-spectrum phosphonate antibiotic that is used clinically to treat cystitis, tympanitis, etc. Its biosynthesis starts with the formation of a carbon–phosphorus bond catalyzed by the phosphoenolpyruvate phosphomutase Fom1. We identified an additional cytidylyltransferase (CyTase) domain at the Fom1 N-terminus in addition to the phosphoenolpyruvate phosphomutase domain at the Fom1 C-terminus. Here, we demonstrate that Fom1 is bifunctional and that the Fom1 CyTase domain catalyzes the cytidylylation of the 2-hydroxyethylphosphonate (HEP) intermediate to produce cytidylyl-HEP. On the basis of this new function of Fom1, we propose a revised fosfomycin biosynthetic pathway that involves the transient CMP-conjugated intermediate. The identification of a biosynthetic mechanism via such transient cytidylylation of a biosynthetic intermediate fundamentally advances the understanding of phosphonate biosynthesis in nature. The crystal structure of the cytidylyl-HEP-bound CyTase domain provides a basis for the substrate specificity and reveals unique catalytic elements not found in other members of the CyTase family.

Publisher URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1021/acschembio.7b00419

DOI: 10.1021/acschembio.7b00419

You might also like
Discover & Discuss Important Research

Keeping up-to-date with research can feel impossible, with papers being published faster than you'll ever be able to read them. That's where Researcher comes in: we're simplifying discovery and making important discussions happen. With over 19,000 sources, including peer-reviewed journals, preprints, blogs, universities, podcasts and Live events across 10 research areas, you'll never miss what's important to you. It's like social media, but better. Oh, and we should mention - it's free.

  • Download from Google Play
  • Download from App Store
  • Download from AppInChina

Researcher displays publicly available abstracts and doesn’t host any full article content. If the content is open access, we will direct clicks from the abstracts to the publisher website and display the PDF copy on our platform. Clicks to view the full text will be directed to the publisher website, where only users with subscriptions or access through their institution are able to view the full article.