3 years ago

An All-Plastic Field-Effect Nanofluidic Diode Gated by a Conducting Polymer Layer

An All-Plastic Field-Effect Nanofluidic Diode Gated by a Conducting Polymer Layer
María Eugenia Toimil-Molares, Waldemar A. Marmisollé, Christina Trautmann, Gonzalo Pérez-Mitta, Omar Azzaroni
The design of an all-plastic field-effect nanofluidic diode is proposed, which allows precise nanofluidic operations to be performed. The fabrication process involves the chemical synthesis of a conductive poly(3,4-ethylenedioxythiophene) (PEDOT) layer over a previously fabricated solid-state nanopore. The conducting layer acts as gate electrode by changing its electrochemical state upon the application of different voltages, ultimately changing the surface charge of the nanopore. A PEDOT-based nanopore is able to discriminate the ionic species passing through it in a quantitative and qualitative manner, as PEDOT nanopores display three well-defined voltage-controlled transport regimes: cation-rectifying, non-rectifying, and anion rectifying regimes. This work illustrates the potential and versatility of PEDOT as a key enabler to achieve electrochemically addressable solid-state nanopores. The synergism arising from the combination of highly functional conducting polymers and the remarkable physical characteristics of asymmetric nanopores is believed to offer a promising framework to explore new design concepts in nanofluidic devices. The integration of conductive poly(3,4-ethylenedioxythiophene) (PEDOT) into asymmetric solid-state nanopores leads the way to the construction of all-plastic field-effect nanofluidic diodes. The conducting layer acts as a gate electrode by changing its electrochemical state upon the application of different voltages. PEDOT-based electrochemically addressable nanofluidic devices display three well-defined voltage-controlled transport regimes: cation-rectifying, nonrectifying, and anion rectifying regimes.

Publisher URL: http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/resolve/doi

DOI: 10.1002/adma.201700972

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