4 years ago

Ultrahigh-Conductivity Polymer Hydrogels with Arbitrary Structures

Ultrahigh-Conductivity Polymer Hydrogels with Arbitrary Structures
Chun Li, Mingmao Wu, Qinqin Zhou, Haiyan Wang, Gaoquan Shi, Miao Zhang, Bowen Yao
A poly(3,4-ethylenedioxythiophene):poly(4-styrenesulfonate) (PEDOT:PSS) hydrogel is prepared by thermal treatment of a commercial PEDOT:PSS (PH1000) suspension in 0.1 mol L−1 sulfuric acid followed by partially removing its PSS component with concentrated sulfuric acid. This hydrogel has a low solid content of 4% (by weight) and an extremely high conductivity of 880 S m−1. It can be fabricated into different shapes such as films, fibers, and columns with arbitrary sizes for practical applications. A highly conductive and mechanically strong porous fiber is prepared by drying PEDOT:PSS hydrogel fiber to fabricate a current-collector-free solid-state flexible supercapacitor. This fiber supercapacitor delivers a volumetric capacitance as high as 202 F cm−3 at 0.54 A cm−3 with an extraordinary high-rate performance. It also shows excellent electrochemical stability and high flexibility, promising for the application as wearable energy-storage devices. A poly(3,4-ethylenedioxythiophene):poly(4-styrenesulfonate) hydrogel treated by concentrated sulfuric acid shows an extraordinarily high conductivity of 880 S m−1. It can be fabricated into arbitrary structures for practical applications. A current-collector-free all-solid fiber supercapacitor based on dried fibers of this hydrogel exhibits a performance superior to those of previously reported counterparts.

Publisher URL: http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/resolve/doi

DOI: 10.1002/adma.201700974

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