3 years ago

Tribological behaviors of polyurethane composites containing self-lubricating microcapsules and reinforced by short carbon fibers

Tribological behaviors of polyurethane composites containing self-lubricating microcapsules and reinforced by short carbon fibers
Baoping Yang, Xin Li, Xuemei Bao, Jinfeng Cui, Bo Mu, Xia Wang, Junhong Guo, Li Chen
Self-lubricating microcapsules containing methyl silicone oil as core materials, were prepared with poly(melamine-formaldehyde) as shell material by in situ polymerization method. Combining with synergistic effect of the short carbon fibers (SCFs) which were systematically treated by liquid-phase oxidation and chemical grafting, they were simultaneously adopted as reinforcing additives to improve the tribological and mechanical properties of polyurethane materials. The tribological behaviors and mechanical properties of the polyurethane composites have been investigated by a block-on-ring wear tester and electronic universal testing machine, respectively. The results indicate that the friction coefficient and wear rate of polyurethane composites without SCFs significantly decreased with increased self-lubricating microcapsule concentration from 2.5 to 10 wt % due to the release of methyl silicone oil; meanwhile, the polyurethane composites filled with 10 wt % microcapsule and 15 wt % SCFs not only exhibited the lowest friction and wear behaviors, but also improved mechanical strength and thermal stability of polyurethane composites. © 2017 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. J. Appl. Polym. Sci. 2017, 134, 45331.

Publisher URL: http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/resolve/doi

DOI: 10.1002/app.45331

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